Advanced Search

Study Preview



Study Title and Description

Hypertension in a young boy: an energy drink effect.



Key Questions Addressed
1 For [population], is caffeine intake above [exposure dose], compared to intakes [exposure dose] or less, associated with adverse effects on acute toxicity*?
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |

Primary Publication Information
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
TitleData
Title Hypertension in a young boy: an energy drink effect.
Author A Usman,A Jawaid,
Country
Year 2012
Numbers

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Acute Toxicity - Study Design Details
Arms
No arms have been defined in this extraction form.

Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Refid 23106965
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
What outcome is being evaluated in this paper? Acute
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
What is the objective of the study (as reported by the authors)? To provide a case report on a 16 year old boy who presented to a family physician clinic with complaints of palpitations off and on for one week
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Provide a general description of the methods as reported by the authors. Information should be extracted based on relevance to the SR (i.e., caffeine related methods) self report of caffeine, medical history taken, pulse and blood pressure taken, blood work and ECG taken
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
How many outcome-specific endpoints are evaluated? 5
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
What is the (or one of the) endpoint(s) evaluated? (Each endpoint listed separately) medical history -nothing significant noted other than chronic energy drink intake
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
List additional health endpoints (separately). palpitations reported, ECG normal
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
List additional health endpoints (separately)
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Notes on blood work normal (no hypokalemia noted)
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Clinical Clinical
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Physiological Physiological
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Other
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
What is the study design? Case report
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Randomized or Non-Randomized?
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
What were the diagnostics or methods used to measure the outcome? Both
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Optional: Name of Method or short description
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Caffeine (general)
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Coffee
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Chocolate
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Energy drinks Energy drinks
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Gum
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Medicine/Supplement
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Soda
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Tea
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Measured
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Self-report Self-report
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Children
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Adolescents Adolescents
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Adults
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Pregnant Women
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
What was the reference, comparison, or control group(s)? (e.g. high vs low consumption, number of cups, etc.) none - case report
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
What were the listed confounders or modifying factors as stated by the authors? (e.g. multi-variable components of models.  Copy from methods) none mentioned
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Provide a general description of results (as reported by the authors). no changes in blood chemistry, pulse 110/min; BP 150/95, no radio femoral delay, no renal bruit, ECG normal.
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Did the authors perform a dose-response analysis (or trend/related analysis)? No
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
What were the authors's observations re: trend analysis?
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
What were the author's conclusions? Hypertension and heart palpitations observed in a 16 year old boy after consuming an average of 3 Sting Energy drinks per day was associated with hypertension and heart palpitations.
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
What were the sources of funding? none stated by authors
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
What conflicts of interest were reported? Authors state there are no conflicts
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Does the exposure (dose) need to be standardized to the SR? Yes
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Provide calculations/conversions for the exposure based on the decision tree in the guide (for all endpoints/exposure levels of interest). 3 Energy drinks (500ml size serving, ~16 oz) average per day X 160 mg caffeine/serving = 480 mg/day
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
List all the endpoint(s) followed by the dose (mg) which will be used in comparison to Nawrot.  Characterize value as LOAEL/NOAEL, etc. if possible.  palpitations and hypertension (480 mg)
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
Notes regarding selection/listing of endpoints and exposures/doses to be compared to Nawrot. The Pepsi website didn't list the content for this drink, Wikipedia did so that was used in calculation above. Authors also mention that adolescent claimed to have drunk 80-100 cans over the past two weeks with an average of 3/day so average was used
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |
What is the importance of the study with respect to the adverseness of the outcome? Low
  • Comments Comments (
    0
    ) |


Baseline Characteristics
No baseline characteristics have been defined for this extraction form.



Results & Comparisons

No Results found.
Adverse Events
Arm or Total Title Description Comments

Quality Dimensions
No quality dimensions were specified.

Quality Rating
No quality rating data was found.