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Study Title and Description

Tumour Characteristics of Patients with Colorectal Cancer after Acute Uncomplicated Diverticulitis.



Key Questions Addressed
3 KQ 3: What are the benefits and harms of colonoscopy (or other colon imaging test) following an episode of acute diverticulitis? KQ 3a. What is the incidence of malignant and premalignant colon tumors found by colonoscopy, and what is the incidence of colon cancer mortality among patients undergoing screening? KQ 3b. What are the procedure-related and other harms of colonoscopy or CT colonography? KQ 3c. What is the frequency of inadequate imaging due to intolerance or technical feasibility? • Do the benefits and harms vary by patient characteristics, course of illness, or other factors?
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Tumour Characteristics of Patients with Colorectal Cancer after Acute Uncomplicated Diverticulitis.
Author Ramphal W., Schreinemakers JMJ., Seerden TCJ., Gobardhan PD.
Country Department of Surgery Amphia Hospital Breda, Breda, the Netherlands.
Year 2018
Numbers Pubmed ID: 29945147

Secondary Publication Information
UI Title Author Country Year
What is the Risk of Colorectal Cancer After an Episode of Acute Diverticulitis in Conservatively Treated Patients? Ramphal W., Schreinemakers JM., Seerden TC., Crolla RM., Rijken AM., Gobardhan PD. Departments of *Surgery†Gastroenterology, Amphia Hospital, Breda, The Netherlands. 2016
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Extraction Form: KQ 3: Colonoscopy
Arms
Number Title Description Comments
1 Colonoscopy
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Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Study design Single group, with subgroup analyses
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Single group, with subgroup analyses
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Single group, with subgroup analyses
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Single group, with subgroup analyses
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Single group, with subgroup analyses
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Single group, with subgroup analyses
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Single group, with subgroup analyses
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if not an RCT, what was the directionality? Retrospective
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Funder Not reported (or unclear)
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Start and end years of the study 2008
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2013
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Inclusion criteria Hinchey 0 and 1
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Exclusion criteria Hinchey II-IV, previous colorectal cancer, previous episodes of diverticulitis
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Specific population? Hx uncomplicated diverticulitis only
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Other (define) ... Hinchey 0 and I only
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Note/Comment about Design (or overall study)
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Country Netherlands
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Comparison of colonoscopy vs. no colonoscopy? Yes
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Comparison of diverticulitis vs health control? No
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Subgroup analyses? Alarm symptoms
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Alarm symptoms
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Alarm symptoms
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Alarm symptoms
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Baseline Characteristics
Question Colonoscopy Total Comments
AnswerFollow-up AnswerFollow-up
Participant race/ethnicity characteristics Male NR
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Participant age, continuous 59
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Age >=50, % No data entered.
Participants with Un/Complicated Diverticulitis No data entered.
Note/Comment about baseline characteristics No data entered.
Alarm symptoms rectal bleeding, persistent abdominal pain, unintentional weight loss
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32
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Results & Comparisons


Results Data
Outcome: Colorectal cancer      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure Colonoscopy


Enter a numeric value or title (required) years

N Analyzed 645
Counts 10
Percentage 1.6
note among 10 identified colorectal cancer cases, 2 had a family history of CRC and 1 had a positive family history for Crohn’s disease
Outcome: Colorectal cancer      Population: Patients with alarm symptoms
Time Point Measure Colonoscopy


Enter a numeric value or title (required) years

N Analyzed 205 [1]
Counts 9
Percentage 4.4
P between subgroups 0.0002 (alarm vs no alarm)
Footnotes
1. The difference between the occurrence of CRC among the people who underwent colonoscopy in the two groups (alarm vs no alarm) is significant (p value 0.0002).
Outcome: Colorectal cancer      Population: Patients with no alarm symptoms
Time Point Measure Colonoscopy


Enter a numeric value or title (required) years

N Analyzed 440
Counts 1
Percentage 0.2
Outcome: Colorectal cancer death      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure Colonoscopy


Enter a numeric value or title (required) years

N Analyzed 645
Counts 5
Percentage 0.78


Quality Dimensions
Dimension Value Notes Comments
Q23: NHLBI - Were eligibility/selection criteria for the study population prespecified and clearly described? Yes
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Q25: NHLBI - Were the outcome measures prespecified, clearly defined, valid, reliable, and assessed consistently across all study participants? Yes
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If this study was an NRCS or a single-group study, did the study report adjusted results that were for differences between groups (in the case of NRCSs) or differences between subgroups (in the case of single group studies)? No
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Quality Rating
No quality rating data was found.