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Study Title and Description

Alcohol Interventions Among Underage Drinkers in the ED: A Randomized Controlled Trial.



Key Questions Addressed
1 Evidence map
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Alcohol Interventions Among Underage Drinkers in the ED: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Author Cunningham RM., Chermack ST., Ehrlich PF., Carter PM., Booth BM., Blow FC., Barry KL., Walton MA.
Country University of Michigan Injury Center, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Department of Health Behavior and Health Education and Michigan Youth Violence Prevention Center, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; stroh@med.umich.edu.
Year 2015
Numbers Pubmed ID: 26347440

Secondary Publication Information
UI Title Author Country Year
Underage drinking, brief interventions, and trauma patients: Are they really special? Ehrlich PF., Roche JS., Cunningham RM., Chermack ST., Carter PM., Booth BM., Blow F., Barry K., Walton MA. From the Injury Center (P.F.E., J.S.R., R.M.C., P.M.C., B.M.B., F.B., M.A.W.), University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Department of Emergency Medicine (J.S.R., R.M.C., P.M.C.), University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, Mic 2016
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Emergency Department Alcohol Intervention: Effects on Dating Violence and Depression. Ngo QM., Eisman AB., Walton MA., Kusunoki Y., Chermack ST., Singh V., Cunningham R. Department of Emergency Medicine, qen@umich.edu. 2018
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Components of Brief Alcohol Interventions for Youth in the Emergency Department. Walton MA., Chermack ST., Blow FC., Ehrlich PF., Barry KL., Booth BM., Cunningham RM. a Addiction Research Center, Department of Psychiatry , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , Michigan , USA. 2015
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Understanding Mechanisms of Change for Brief Alcohol Interventions Among Youth: Examination of Within-Session Interactions. Walton MA., Ngo QM., Chermack ST., Blow FC., Ehrlich PF., Bonar EE., Cunningham RM. Addiction Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 2017
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Extraction Form: Evidence Map
Arms
Number Title Description Comments
1 TAU control
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2 MI_a Computer BI
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3 MI_b Therapist BI
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Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Should this citation be included? Yes
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Does this paper originate from a primary study of interest? ... Study name, e.g. INCANT ... U-Connect
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Ages eligible (in years) 14
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20
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Total sample size (in all arms) 836
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Age distribution of enrolled population (in years) 18.6
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Substance used Alcohol
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Interventions studied? Behavioral
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No active treatment
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Outcome? Self report of use/abstinence and/or intensity
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Substance-related problems or symptoms scale
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Physical health
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Age variation of enrolled population (in years) 1.4
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Study type RCT
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Is any arm a brief intervention (or single session)? Yes
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Income level of country(ies) of origin Upper income
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Results & Comparisons


Results Data
IRR IRR_CI low IRR_CI high P-Value
Outcome: alcohol consumption index      Population: All Participants Between-Arm Comparisons
Time Point Measure TAU MI_a MI_b Comparison Measure MI_a vs. TAU MI_b vs. TAU


3 months

N Analyzed 281 277 278 0.88 0.86
Mean 0.78 0.77
SD 0.99 0.98
SE 0.041 0.018
Outcome: Risks      Population: alcohol
Time Point Measure TAU MI_a MI_b


3 months

N Analyzed 281 277 278
Mean
SD
SE


Quality Dimensions
Dimension Value Notes Comments
Intention-to-treat-analysis: Bias due to incomplete reporting and analysis according to group allocation Yes
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Group similarity at baseline (selection bias): Selection bias due to dissimilarity at baseline for the most important prognostic indicators Yes
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Co-interventions (performance bias): Performance bias because co-interventions were different across groups Yes
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Compliance (performance bias): Performance bias due to inappropriate compliance with interventions across groups Yes
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Timing of outcome assessments (detection bias): Detection bias because important outcomes were not measured at the same time across groups Yes
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Additional Bias: Bias due to problems not covered elsewhere in the table. If yes, describe them in the Notes. No
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Random sequence generation (selection bias): Selection bias (biased allocation to interventions) due to inadequate generation of a randomized sequence Low
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Allocation concealment (selection bias): Selection bias (biased allocation to interventions) due to inadequate concealment of allocations prior to assignment Unclear
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Blinding of participants (performance bias): Performance bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by participants during the study High
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Blinding of personnel/ care providers (performance bias): Performance bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by personnel/care providers during the study. High
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Blinding of outcome assessor (detection bias): Detection bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by outcome assessors. Unclear
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Incomplete outcome data (attrition bias): Attrition bias due to amount, nature or handling of incomplete outcome data Low <15%
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Selective Reporting (reporting bias): Reporting bias due to selective outcome reporting need to check Per NCT01051141: alcohol use, alcohol related consequences, injury, mental health, illicit and psychoactive prescription drug use/consequences, and other risk behaviors
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Quality Rating
No quality rating data was found.