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Study Title and Description

Brief intervention for harm reduction with alcohol-positive older adolescents in a hospital emergency department.



Key Questions Addressed
1 Evidence map
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Brief intervention for harm reduction with alcohol-positive older adolescents in a hospital emergency department.
Author Monti PM., Colby SM., Barnett NP., Spirito A., Rohsenow DJ., Myers M., Woolard R., Lewander W.
Country Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Providence, Rhode Island, USA. Peter_Monti@brown.edu
Year 1999
Numbers Pubmed ID: 10596521

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Evidence Map
Arms
Number Title Description Comments
1 MI Brief motivational interviewing
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2 TAU standard care
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Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Should this citation be included? Yes
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Does this paper originate from a primary study of interest? No
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Ages eligible (in years) 18
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19
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Total sample size (in all arms) 94
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Age distribution of enrolled population (in years) 18.4
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Substance used Alcohol
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Interventions studied? Behavioral
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Outcome? Objective measurement of use/abstinence and/or intensity
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Self report of use/abstinence and/or intensity
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Other ... incidence of drinking and driving, traffic violations, alcohol-related injuries, and alcohol-related problems
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Age variation of enrolled population (in years) 0.5
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Study type RCT
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Is any arm a brief intervention (or single session)? Yes
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Income level of country(ies) of origin ... Country(ies) name(s) Unclear ... United States
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Results & Comparisons


Results Data
P-Value effect size
Outcome: alcohol abuse sxs      Population: All Participants Between-Arm Comparisons
Time Point Measure MI TAU Comparison Measure MI vs. TAU


0 months

N Analyzed 52 42
Mean nr nr
SD nr nr
SE


6 months

N Analyzed 52 42 <0.05
Mean 0.89 1.44 0.23
SD 1.18 1.43
SE
Within-Arm Comparisons
Comparison Measure MI TAU
--Not Specified--
Outcome: problems      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure MI TAU


0 months

N Analyzed
Mean
SD


6 months

N Analyzed
Mean
SD


Quality Dimensions
Dimension Value Notes Comments
Intention-to-treat-analysis: Bias due to incomplete reporting and analysis according to group allocation Yes
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Group similarity at baseline (selection bias): Selection bias due to dissimilarity at baseline for the most important prognostic indicators Yes
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Co-interventions (performance bias): Performance bias because co-interventions were different across groups Yes
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Compliance (performance bias): Performance bias due to inappropriate compliance with interventions across groups Yes
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Timing of outcome assessments (detection bias): Detection bias because important outcomes were not measured at the same time across groups Yes
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Additional Bias: Bias due to problems not covered elsewhere in the table. If yes, describe them in the Notes. No
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Random sequence generation (selection bias): Selection bias (biased allocation to interventions) due to inadequate generation of a randomized sequence Unclear
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Allocation concealment (selection bias): Selection bias (biased allocation to interventions) due to inadequate concealment of allocations prior to assignment Unclear
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Blinding of participants (performance bias): Performance bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by participants during the study High
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Blinding of personnel/ care providers (performance bias): Performance bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by personnel/care providers during the study. High
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Blinding of outcome assessor (detection bias): Detection bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by outcome assessors. High Self-reported outcomes.
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Incomplete outcome data (attrition bias): Attrition bias due to amount, nature or handling of incomplete outcome data Low
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Selective Reporting (reporting bias): Reporting bias due to selective outcome reporting
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Quality Rating
No quality rating data was found.