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Study Title and Description

Treatment outcome for street-living, homeless youth.



Key Questions Addressed
1 Evidence map
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Treatment outcome for street-living, homeless youth.
Author Slesnick N., Prestopnik JL., Meyers RJ., Glassman M.
Country Human Development and Family Science, The Ohio State University, 1787 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. Slesnick.5@osu.edu
Year 2007
Numbers Pubmed ID: 16989957

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Evidence Map
Arms
Number Title Description Comments
1 CBT Community reinforcement approach (CRA)
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2 TAU
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Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Should this citation be included? Yes
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Does this paper originate from a primary study of interest? No
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Ages eligible (in years) 14
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22
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Total sample size (in all arms) 180
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Age distribution of enrolled population (in years) 19.21
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Substance used Alcohol
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Cannabis
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Opioid
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Stimulant
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Interventions studied? Behavioral
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Outcome? Objective measurement of use/abstinence and/or intensity
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Self report of use/abstinence and/or intensity
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Other ... depression, social stability
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Age variation of enrolled population (in years) 2.14
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Study type RCT
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Is any arm a brief intervention (or single session)? No
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Income level of country(ies) of origin ... Country(ies) name(s) Unclear ... United States
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Results & Comparisons


Results Data
Outcome: nos use days      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure CBT TAU


0 months

Mean 67 60
SD 33 34
N Analyzed 96 84


6 months

Mean 43 50
SD 37 36
N Analyzed 96 84
Outcome: Risks      Population: nos
Time Point Measure CBT TAU


0 months

Mean 7.31 6.66
SD 5.01 3.94
N Analyzed 96 84


6 months

Mean 4.98 4.92
SD 4.88 4.43
N Analyzed 96 84


Quality Dimensions
Dimension Value Notes Comments
Intention-to-treat-analysis: Bias due to incomplete reporting and analysis according to group allocation Yes
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Group similarity at baseline (selection bias): Selection bias due to dissimilarity at baseline for the most important prognostic indicators Yes
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Co-interventions (performance bias): Performance bias because co-interventions were different across groups Yes
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Compliance (performance bias): Performance bias due to inappropriate compliance with interventions across groups Yes
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Timing of outcome assessments (detection bias): Detection bias because important outcomes were not measured at the same time across groups Yes
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Additional Bias: Bias due to problems not covered elsewhere in the table. If yes, describe them in the Notes. No
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Random sequence generation (selection bias): Selection bias (biased allocation to interventions) due to inadequate generation of a randomized sequence Low
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Allocation concealment (selection bias): Selection bias (biased allocation to interventions) due to inadequate concealment of allocations prior to assignment Low
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Blinding of participants (performance bias): Performance bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by participants during the study High
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Blinding of personnel/ care providers (performance bias): Performance bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by personnel/care providers during the study. High
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Blinding of outcome assessor (detection bias): Detection bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by outcome assessors. High
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Incomplete outcome data (attrition bias): Attrition bias due to amount, nature or handling of incomplete outcome data High Differences between those who stayed in the study and those who didn't.
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Selective Reporting (reporting bias): Reporting bias due to selective outcome reporting
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Quality Rating
No quality rating data was found.