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Study Title and Description

Comparative efficacy of family and group treatment for adolescent substance abuse.



Key Questions Addressed
1 Evidence map
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Comparative efficacy of family and group treatment for adolescent substance abuse.
Author Smith DC., Hall JA., Williams JK., An H., Gotman N.
Country Project Iowa SCY, Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.
Year 2006
Numbers Pubmed ID: 17182429

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Evidence Map
Arms
Number Title Description Comments
1 CBT_MI_PeerGroup Seven Challenges (7C)
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2 Fam Strengths-Oriented Family Treatment Procedures (SOFT)
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Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Should this citation be included? Yes
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Does this paper originate from a primary study of interest? No
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Ages eligible (in years) NA
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NA
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Total sample size (in all arms) 250
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Age distribution of enrolled population (in years) 16.5
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Substance used Alcohol
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Cannabis
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Opioid
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Stimulant
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Interventions studied? Behavioral
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Outcome? Objective measurement of use/abstinence and/or intensity
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Self report of use/abstinence and/or intensity
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Age variation of enrolled population (in years) 1.56
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Study type RCT
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Is any arm a brief intervention (or single session)? No
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Income level of country(ies) of origin ... Country(ies) name(s) Unclear ... United States
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Results & Comparisons


Results Data
Outcome: pct abstinent for nos      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure CBT_MI_PeerGroup Fam


0 months

N Analyzed 40 58
Counts 8 3


3 months

N Analyzed 40 58
Counts 34 27


6 months

N Analyzed 40 58
Counts 39 31
Outcome: nos sxs      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure CBT_MI_PeerGroup Fam


0 months

N Analyzed 40 58
Counts 33 26


3 months

N Analyzed 40 58
Counts 50 60


6 months

N Analyzed 40 58
Counts 61 60


Quality Dimensions
Dimension Value Notes Comments
Intention-to-treat-analysis: Bias due to incomplete reporting and analysis according to group allocation Yes
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Group similarity at baseline (selection bias): Selection bias due to dissimilarity at baseline for the most important prognostic indicators No Data
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Co-interventions (performance bias): Performance bias because co-interventions were different across groups No Data
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Compliance (performance bias): Performance bias due to inappropriate compliance with interventions across groups No
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Timing of outcome assessments (detection bias): Detection bias because important outcomes were not measured at the same time across groups Yes
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Additional Bias: Bias due to problems not covered elsewhere in the table. If yes, describe them in the Notes. No
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Random sequence generation (selection bias): Selection bias (biased allocation to interventions) due to inadequate generation of a randomized sequence Unclear
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Allocation concealment (selection bias): Selection bias (biased allocation to interventions) due to inadequate concealment of allocations prior to assignment Unclear
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Blinding of participants (performance bias): Performance bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by participants during the study High
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Blinding of personnel/ care providers (performance bias): Performance bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by personnel/care providers during the study. High
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Blinding of outcome assessor (detection bias): Detection bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by outcome assessors. Unclear
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Incomplete outcome data (attrition bias): Attrition bias due to amount, nature or handling of incomplete outcome data Low
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Selective Reporting (reporting bias): Reporting bias due to selective outcome reporting
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Quality Rating
No quality rating data was found.