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Study Title and Description

RCT of a promising vocational/employment program for high-risk juvenile offenders.



Key Questions Addressed
1 Evidence map
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title RCT of a promising vocational/employment program for high-risk juvenile offenders.
Author Schaeffer CM., Henggeler SW., Ford JD., Mann M., Chang R., Chapman JE.
Country Family Services Research Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29407, USA.
Year 2014
Numbers Pubmed ID: 23958035

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Evidence Map
Arms
Number Title Description Comments
1 TAU_a Community Restitution Apprentice-Focused Training
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2 TAU_b Education as Usual
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Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Should this citation be included? Yes
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Does this paper originate from a primary study of interest? No
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Ages eligible (in years) 15
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18
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Total sample size (in all arms) 97
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Age distribution of enrolled population (in years) 15.8
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Substance used Alcohol
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Cannabis
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Opioid
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Stimulant
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Interventions studied? Behavioral
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Outcome? Objective measurement of use/abstinence and/or intensity
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Self report of use/abstinence and/or intensity
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Other ... employment, education,mental health, and criminal outcomes
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Age variation of enrolled population (in years) 0.89
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Study type RCT
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Is any arm a brief intervention (or single session)? No
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Income level of country(ies) of origin ... Country(ies) name(s) Unclear ... United States
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Results & Comparisons


Results Data
Outcome: Employment      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Counts
Percentage 76 50
Outcome: School      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Percentage 14 23.4
Outcome: School      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Percentage 50 26.1
Outcome: canabis use      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


0 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Percentage 44.7 46.5


6 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Percentage 61.5 67.9


12 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Percentage 48.6 69.0


18 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Percentage 62.2 67.9


24 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Percentage 64.5 59.3


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Percentage 75.9 69.2
Outcome: alcohol use days      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


0 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 1.54 2.02
SD 3.27 3.96
SE


6 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 1.59 1.59
SD 2.45 3.75
SE


12 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 2.16 3.73
SD 4.78 5.53
SE


18 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 2.47 3.00
SD 4.10 4.66
SE


24 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 5.00 4.97
SD 7.97 8.44
SE


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 3.69 4.78
SD 8.94 8.91
SE
Outcome: heavy drinking days      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


0 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 1.16 1.49
SD 3.15 3.54
SE


6 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.90 1.28
SD 1.68 3.60
SE


12 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 1.24 2.97
SD 3.36 5.31
SE


18 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 2.47 3.00
SD 4.10 4.66
SE


24 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 3.59 4.91
SD 6.95 9.14
SE


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 3.19 4.22
SD 6.74 6.46
SE
Outcome: cannabis use days      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


0 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 11.30 17.11
SD 22.01 28.64
SE


6 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 8.82 14.00
SD 21.27 27.94
SE


12 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 7.49 21.17
SD 16.38 35.13
SE


18 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 12.68 26.42
SD 24.16 32.07
SE


24 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 22.91 29.29
SD 34.64 36.23
SE


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 20.42 21.88
SD 33.41 33.08
SE
Outcome: nos use days      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


0 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.92 0.96
SD 2.26 3.58
SE


6 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.90 0.69
SD 2.12 1.12
SE


12 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 1.08 2.50
SD 3.01 4.99
SE


18 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 1.21 1.35
SD 1.96 1.89
SE


24 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 3.65 3.03
SD 7.60 6.46
SE


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 1.94 1.84
SD 5.46 3.86
SE
Outcome: nos sxs      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


0 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 1.52 1.91
SD 2.27 2.54
SE


6 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.76 0.97
SD 1.30 1.59
SE


12 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.51 1.23
SD 1.12 2.12
SE


18 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.88 1.23
SD 1.65 1.52
SE


24 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.72 1.05
SD 1.22 1.94
SE


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.56 1.19
SD 0.78 2.20
SE
Outcome: YSR      Population: 122476
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


0 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 21.76 22.52
SD 7.79 9.43
SE


6 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 21.14 18.63
SD 8.23 6.37
SE


12 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 17.60 18.63
SD 6.32 6.37
SE


18 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 18.67 16.20
SD 8.41 5.97
SE


24 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 16.31 14.27
SD 7.90 7.84
SE


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 15.11 15.63
SD 8.71 6.97
SE
Outcome: YSR      Population: 122477
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


0 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 9.18 9.57
SD 6.21 7.36
SE


6 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 9.36 8.53
SD 5.77 6.72
SE


12 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 7.29 8.60
SD 5.60 7.77
SE


18 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 8.13 5.93
SD 7.00 4.24
SE


24 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 7.28 5.91
SD 5.32 4.58
SE


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 5.67 9.06
SD 4.30 7.98
SE
Outcome: CBCL      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


0 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 18.92 22.70
SD 11.83 11.12
SE


6 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 20.79 19.65
SD 10.60 8.20
SE


12 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 18.24 19.41
SD 12.98 11.43
SE


18 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 15.30 18.74
SD 9.95 7.90
SE


24 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 14.19 17.57
SD 11.96 10.90
SE


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 16.74 10.53
SD 13.48 7.50
SE
Outcome: CBCL      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


0 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 9.43 12.02
SD 6.30 8.34
SE


6 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 11.12 11.68
SD 8.47 8.16
SE


12 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 9.32 11.00
SD 5.87 8.64
SE


18 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 10.23 11.00
SD 8.72 9.24
SE


24 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 9.04 11.17
SD 9.04 8.41
SE


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 10.79 7.93
SD 11.95 6.58
SE
Outcome: SRD      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


0 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 25.78 28.32
SD 35.95 35.51
SE


6 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 19.14 19.47
SD 32.36 36.11
SE


12 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 11.11 12.49
SD 19.13 19.97
SE


18 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 10.85 13.37
SD 22.18 24.46
SE


24 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 4.69 14.14
SD 7.91 25.27
SE


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 1.61 4.87
SD 3.76 7.87
SE
Outcome: SRD      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


0 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 2.24 5.00
SD 4.65 11.20
SE


6 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 2.35 2.03
SD 4.13 5.35
SE


12 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.71 1.60
SD 2.63 4.32
SE


18 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.80 0.77
SD 2.10 2.39
SE


24 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.48 1.10
SD 1.88 3.49
SE


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.11 0.80
SD 0.32 1.90
SE
Outcome: SRD      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure TAU_a TAU_b


0 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 1.90 3.17
SD 2.94 4.79
SE


6 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 1.53 0.83
SD 2.46 1.86
SE


12 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 1.29 1.26
SD 2.93 2.73
SE


18 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.75 0.53
SD 1.41 1.22
SE


24 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.31 0.43
SD 0.89 0.98
SE


30 months

N Analyzed 50 47
Mean 0.33 0.47
SD 0.97 1.25
SE


Quality Dimensions
Dimension Value Notes Comments
Intention-to-treat-analysis: Bias due to incomplete reporting and analysis according to group allocation Yes
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Group similarity at baseline (selection bias): Selection bias due to dissimilarity at baseline for the most important prognostic indicators Yes
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Co-interventions (performance bias): Performance bias because co-interventions were different across groups Yes
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Compliance (performance bias): Performance bias due to inappropriate compliance with interventions across groups No Data
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Timing of outcome assessments (detection bias): Detection bias because important outcomes were not measured at the same time across groups Yes
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Additional Bias: Bias due to problems not covered elsewhere in the table. If yes, describe them in the Notes. No
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Random sequence generation (selection bias): Selection bias (biased allocation to interventions) due to inadequate generation of a randomized sequence Low
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Allocation concealment (selection bias): Selection bias (biased allocation to interventions) due to inadequate concealment of allocations prior to assignment Low
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Blinding of participants (performance bias): Performance bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by participants during the study High
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Blinding of personnel/ care providers (performance bias): Performance bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by personnel/care providers during the study. High
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Blinding of outcome assessor (detection bias): Detection bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by outcome assessors. Unclear
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Incomplete outcome data (attrition bias): Attrition bias due to amount, nature or handling of incomplete outcome data High
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Selective Reporting (reporting bias): Reporting bias due to selective outcome reporting
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Quality Rating
No quality rating data was found.