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Study Title and Description

Individual and family motivational interventions for alcohol-positive adolescents treated in an emergency department: results of a randomized clinical trial.



Key Questions Addressed
1 Evidence map
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Individual and family motivational interventions for alcohol-positive adolescents treated in an emergency department: results of a randomized clinical trial.
Author Spirito A., Sindelar-Manning H., Colby SM., Barnett NP., Lewander W., Rohsenow DJ., Monti PM.
Country Brown University Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Providence, RI 02912, USA. Anthony_Spirito@brown.edu
Year 2011
Numbers Pubmed ID: 21383276

Secondary Publication Information
UI Title Author Country Year
Moderators of Brief Motivation-Enhancing Treatments for Alcohol-Positive Adolescents Presenting to the Emergency Department. Becker SJ., Jones RN., Hernandez L., Graves HR., Spirito A. Center for Alcohol and Addictions Studies, Brown University School of Public Health. Electronic address: sara_becker@brown.edu. 2016
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Extraction Form: Evidence Map
Arms
Number Title Description Comments
1 MI_a
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2 MI_b
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Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Should this citation be included? Yes
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Does this paper originate from a primary study of interest? No
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Ages eligible (in years) 13
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17
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Total sample size (in all arms) 125
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Age distribution of enrolled population (in years) 15
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Substance used Alcohol
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Interventions studied? Behavioral
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Outcome? Self report of use/abstinence and/or intensity
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Age variation of enrolled population (in years) 1.24
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Study type RCT
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Is any arm a brief intervention (or single session)? Yes
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Income level of country(ies) of origin Upper income
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Results & Comparisons


Results Data
Outcome: pct abstinent for alcohol      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure MI_a MI_b


0 months

N Analyzed 63 62
Percentage 100 100
Counts


3 months

N Analyzed 56 41
Counts
Percentage 45 35


6 months

N Analyzed 53 39
Counts
Percentage 61 49


12 months

N Analyzed 47 36
Counts
Percentage 72 62
Outcome: alcohol use days      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure MI_a MI_b


0 months

N Analyzed 63 62
Mean 3.4 3.4
SD 1.6 1.7


3 months

N Analyzed 56 41
Mean 2.2 1.8
SD 1.7 1.5


6 months

N Analyzed 53 39
Mean 2.4 2.1
SD 1.8 1.5


12 months

N Analyzed 47 36
Mean 2.5 2.6
SD 1.7 2.1
Outcome: heavy drinking days      Population: All Participants
Time Point Measure MI_a MI_b


0 months

N Analyzed 63 62
Mean 2.7 2.5
SD 1.5 1.6


3 months

N Analyzed 56 41
Mean 1.9 1.6
SD 1.6 1.6


6 months

N Analyzed 53 39
Mean 2.0 1.7
SD 1.7 1.6


12 months

N Analyzed 47 36
Mean 2.0 2.4
SD 1.4 2.1


Quality Dimensions
Dimension Value Notes Comments
Intention-to-treat-analysis: Bias due to incomplete reporting and analysis according to group allocation No
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Group similarity at baseline (selection bias): Selection bias due to dissimilarity at baseline for the most important prognostic indicators Yes
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Co-interventions (performance bias): Performance bias because co-interventions were different across groups Yes Same
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Compliance (performance bias): Performance bias due to inappropriate compliance with interventions across groups No 100% in IMI. 79% in IMI+FCU
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Timing of outcome assessments (detection bias): Detection bias because important outcomes were not measured at the same time across groups Yes Same
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Additional Bias: Bias due to problems not covered elsewhere in the table. If yes, describe them in the Notes. No
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Random sequence generation (selection bias): Selection bias (biased allocation to interventions) due to inadequate generation of a randomized sequence Unclear
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Allocation concealment (selection bias): Selection bias (biased allocation to interventions) due to inadequate concealment of allocations prior to assignment Low
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Blinding of participants (performance bias): Performance bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by participants during the study High
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Blinding of personnel/ care providers (performance bias): Performance bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by personnel/care providers during the study. High
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Blinding of outcome assessor (detection bias): Detection bias due to knowledge of the allocated interventions by outcome assessors. Low
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Incomplete outcome data (attrition bias): Attrition bias due to amount, nature or handling of incomplete outcome data Low <20% at 3 and 6 mo; 27% at 12 mo.
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Selective Reporting (reporting bias): Reporting bias due to selective outcome reporting need to check NCT00247221: Alcohol use (d/mo, drink/occasion, binge freq); marijuana use (d/3 mo)
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Quality Rating
No quality rating data was found.