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Project: Noninvasive Nonpharmacological Treatment for Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review Update. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 227. [Entered Retrospectively]

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Project Summary

Title and Description


Key Questions


Associated Extraction Forms

Title Created by Key Questions Addressed Form Notes
1. Chronic low back pain Sara Grusing 1
2. Chronic neck pain Sara Grusing 2
3. Osteoarthritis (knee, hip, hand) Sara Grusing 3
4. Fibromyalgia Sara Grusing 4
5. Chronic tension headache Sara Grusing 5


Associated Studies (each link opens a new tab)

Title Author Year
The effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee and cervical spine. Report of randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trials. Trock DH., Bollet AJ., Markoll R. 1994
Effects of training on female trapezius Myalgia: An intervention study with a 3-year follow-up period. Waling K., Järvholm B., Sundelin G. 2002
Effectiveness of dynamic muscle training, relaxation training, or ordinary activity for chronic neck pain: randomised controlled trial. Viljanen M., Malmivaara A., Uitti J., Rinne M., Palmroos P., Laippala P. 2003
Investigation of the effect of GaAs laser therapy on cervical myofascial pain syndrome. Altan L., Bingöl U., Aykaç M., Yurtkuran M. 2005
Efficacy of 904 nm gallium arsenide low level laser therapy in the management of chronic myofascial pain in the neck: a double-blind and randomize-controlled trial. Gur A., Sarac AJ., Cevik R., Altindag O., Sarac S. 2004
Acupuncture versus placebo for the treatment of chronic mechanical neck pain: a randomized, controlled trial. White P., Lewith G., Prescott P., Conway J. 2004
The effect of 300 mW, 830 nm laser on chronic neck pain: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Chow RT., Heller GZ., Barnsley L. 2006
Efficacy and safety of acupuncture for chronic uncomplicated neck pain: a randomised controlled study. Vas J., Perea-Milla E., Méndez C., Sánchez Navarro C., León Rubio JM., Brioso M., García Obrero I. 2006
Randomized controlled trial of exercise for chronic whiplash-associated disorders. Stewart MJ., Maher CG., Refshauge KM., Herbert RD., Bogduk N., Nicholas M. 2007
Qigong and exercise therapy in patients with long-term neck pain: a prospective randomized trial. Lansinger B., Larsson E., Persson LC., Carlsson JY. 2007
A randomized controlled intervention trial to relieve and prevent neck/shoulder pain. Andersen LL., Jørgensen MB., Blangsted AK., Pedersen MT., Hansen EA., Sjøgaard G. 2008
Randomized trial of therapeutic massage for chronic neck pain Sherman KJ., Cherkin DC., Hawkes RJ., Miglioretti DL., Deyo RA. 2009
Efficacy of acupunture in patients with chronic neck pain--a randomised, sham controlled trial. Sahin N., Ozcan E., Sezen K., Karatas O., Issever H. 2010
Assessment of a traditional acupuncture therapy for chronic neck pain: a pilot randomised controlled study Liang Z., Zhu X., Yang X., Fu W., Lu A. 2011
Effects of three different conservative treatments on pain, disability, quality of life, and mood in patients with cervical spondylosis. Aslan Telci E., Karaduman A. 2012
A randomized controlled trial on the efficacy of intermittent cervical traction for patients with chronic neck pain. Chiu TT., Ng JK., Walther-Zhang B., Lin RJ., Ortelli L., Chua SK. 2011
Acupuncture with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) versus acupuncture or NSAIDs alone for the treatment of chronic neck pain: an assessor-blinded randomised controlled pilot study. Cho JH., Nam DH., Kim KT., Lee JH. 2014
Long-term efficacy of electroacupuncture for chronic neck pain: a randomised controlled trial Zhang SP., Chiu TT., Chiu SN. 2013
Effects of neck coordination exercise on sensorimotor function in chronic neck pain: a randomized controlled trial. Rudolfsson T., Djupsjöbacka M., Häger C., Björklund M. 2014
Basic body awareness therapy or exercise therapy for the treatment of chronic whiplash associated disorders: a randomized comparative clinical trial. Seferiadis A., Ohlin P., Billhult A., Gunnarsson R. 2016
Alexander Technique Lessons or Acupuncture Sessions for Persons With Chronic Neck Pain: A Randomized Trial. MacPherson H., Tilbrook H., Richmond S., Woodman J., Ballard K., Atkin K., Bland M., Eldred J., Essex H., Hewitt C., Hopton A., Keding A., Lansdown H., Parrott S., Torgerson D., Wenham A., Watt I. 2015
The Effects of Tai Chi and Neck Exercises in the Treatment of Chronic Nonspecific Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Lauche R., Stumpe C., Fehr J., Cramer H., Cheng YW., Wayne PM., Rampp T., Langhorst J., Dobos G. 2016
Comparison of the effectiveness of resistance training in women with chronic computer-related neck pain: a randomized controlled study. Li X., Lin C., Liu C., Ke S., Wan Q., Luo H., Huang Z., Xin W., Ma C., Wu S. 2017
Efficacy of abdominal acupuncture for neck pain: A randomized controlled trial. Ho LF., Lin ZX., Leung AWN., Chen L., Zhang H., Ng BFL., Ziea ETC., Guo Y. 2017
A randomized trial comparing aerobic exercise and resistance exercise with a health education program in older adults with knee osteoarthritis. The Fitness Arthritis and Seniors Trial (FAST). Ettinger WH., Burns R., Messier SP., Applegate W., Rejeski WJ., Morgan T., Shumaker S., Berry MJ., O'Toole M., Monu J., Craven T. 1997
One-year followup of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee who participated in a program of supervised fitness walking and supportive patient education. Sullivan T., Allegrante JP., Peterson MG., Kovar PA., MacKenzie CR. 1998
A randomized trial of acupuncture as an adjunctive therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee. Berman BM., Singh BB., Lao L., Langenberg P., Li H., Hadhazy V., Bareta J., Hochberg M. 1999
Home based exercise programme for knee pain and knee osteoarthritis: randomised controlled trial. Thomas KS., Muir KR., Doherty M., Jones AC., O'Reilly SC., Bassey EJ. 2002
Physiotherapy, including quadriceps exercises and patellar taping, for knee osteoarthritis with predominant patello-femoral joint involvement: randomized controlled trial. Quilty B., Tucker M., Campbell R., Dieppe P. 2003
A comparison of various therapeutic exercises on the functional status of patients with knee osteoarthritis. Huang MH., Lin YS., Yang RC., Lee CL. 2003
Impact of an exercise and walking protocol on quality of life for elderly people with OA of the knee. Dias RC., Dias JM., Ramos LR. 2003
Exercise and dietary weight loss in overweight and obese older adults with knee osteoarthritis: the Arthritis, Diet, and Activity Promotion Trial. Messier SP., Loeser RF., Miller GD., Morgan TM., Rejeski WJ., Sevick MA., Ettinger WH., Pahor M., Williamson JD. 2004
Low power laser treatment in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Tascioglu F., Armagan O., Tabak Y., Corapci I., Oner C. 2004
Comparison of manual therapy and exercise therapy in osteoarthritis of the hip: a randomized clinical trial. Hoeksma HL., Dekker J., Ronday HK., Heering A., van der Lubbe N., Vel C., Breedveld FC., van den Ende CH. 2004
Pilot study of the effects of a heat-retaining knee sleeve on joint pain, stiffness, and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Mazzuca SA., Page MC., Meldrum RD., Brandt KD., Petty-Saphon S. 2004
Efficacy and safety of a musically modulated electromagnetic field (TAMMEF) in patients affected by knee osteoarthritis Battisti E., Piazza E., Rigato M., Nuti R., Bianciardi L., Scribano A., Giordano N. 2004
Effectiveness of acupuncture as adjunctive therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized, controlled trial. Berman BM., Lao L., Langenberg P., Lee WL., Gilpin AM., Hochberg MC. 2004
Randomized controlled trial on low level laser therapy (LLLT) in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hand. Brosseau L., Wells G., Marchand S., Gaboury I., Stokes B., Morin M., Casimiro L., Yonge K., Tugwell P. 2005
Effect of pulsed short-wave diathermy on pain and function of subjects with osteoarthritis of the knee: a placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial. Laufer Y., Zilberman R., Porat R., Nahir AM. 2005
Efficacy of physiotherapy management of knee joint osteoarthritis: a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial. Bennell KL., Hinman RS., Metcalf BR., Buchbinder R., McConnell J., McColl G., Green S., Crossley KM. 2005
Six-week high-intensity exercise program for middle-aged patients with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial ISRCTN20244858 Thorstensson CA., Roos EM., Petersson IF., Ekdahl C. 2005
The effects of an exercise program for older adults with osteoarthritis of the hip. Tak E., Staats P., Van Hespen A., Hopman-Rock M. 2005
Treatment of knee osteoarthritis with pulsed electromagnetic fields: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Thamsborg G., Florescu A., Oturai P., Fallentin E., Tritsaris K., Dissing S. 2005
Acupuncture in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomised trial Witt C., Brinkhaus B., Jena S., Linde K., Streng A., Wagenpfeil S., Hummelsberger J., Walther HU., Melchart D., Willich SN. 2005
Use of ultrasound to increase effectiveness of isokinetic exercise for knee osteoarthritis. Huang MH., Lin YS., Lee CL., Yang RC. 2005
Preliminary results of integrated therapy for patients with knee osteoarthritis. Huang MH., Yang RC., Lee CL., Chen TW., Wang MC. 2005
Brace treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee: a prospective randomized multi-centre trial. Brouwer RW., van Raaij TM., Verhaar JA., Coene LN., Bierma-Zeinstra SM. 2006
Group and home-based tai chi in elderly subjects with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial. Brismée JM., Paige RL., Chyu MC., Boatright JD., Hagar JM., McCaleb JA., Quintela MM., Feng D., Xu KT., Shen CL. 2007
Laser acupuncture in knee osteoarthritis: a double-blind, randomized controlled study. Yurtkuran M., Alp A., Konur S., Ozçakir S., Bingol U. 2007
Severe knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial of acupuncture, physiotherapy (supervised exercise) and standard management for patients awaiting knee replacement. Williamson L., Wyatt MR., Yein K., Melton JT. 2007
A randomized controlled trial of aquatic and land-based exercise in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Lund H., Weile U., Christensen R., Rostock B., Downey A., Bartels EM., Danneskiold-Samsøe B., Bliddal H. 2008
A blinded randomised trial of acupuncture (manual and electroacupuncture) compared with a non-penetrating sham for the symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee. Jubb RW., Tukmachi ES., Jones PW., Dempsey E., Waterhouse L., Brailsford S. 2008
The effect of low-level laser in knee osteoarthritis: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Hegedus B., Viharos L., Gervain M., Gálfi M. 2009
Effects of different stretching techniques on the outcomes of isokinetic exercise in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Weng MC., Lee CL., Chen CH., Hsu JJ., Lee WD., Huang MH., Chen TW. 2009
Acupuncture for pain and osteoarthritis of the knee: a pilot study for an open parallel-arm randomised controlled trial Lansdown H., Howard K., Brealey S., MacPherson H. 2009
Tai Chi is effective in treating knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial. Wang C., Schmid CH., Hibberd PL., Kalish R., Roubenoff R., Rones R., McAlindon T. 2009
A randomized controlled trial of acupuncture for osteoarthritis of the knee: effects of patient-provider communication. Suarez-Almazor ME., Looney C., Liu Y., Cox V., Pietz K., Marcus DM., Street RL. 2010
A pragmatic randomized controlled study of the effectiveness and cost consequences of exercise therapy in hip osteoarthritis. Juhakoski R., Tenhonen S., Malmivaara A., Kiviniemi V., Anttonen T., Arokoski JP. 2011
Localized hyperthermia induced by microwave diathermy in osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial. Giombini A., Di Cesare A., Di Cesare M., Ripani M., Maffulli N. 2011
The effectiveness of pulsed electrical stimulation in the management of osteoarthritis of the knee: results of a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, repeated-measures trial. Fary RE., Carroll GJ., Briffa TG., Briffa NK. 2011
Pulsed shortwave treatment in women with knee osteoarthritis: a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Fukuda TY., Alves da Cunha R., Fukuda VO., Rienzo FA., Cazarini C., Carvalho Nde A., Centini AA. 2011
Massage therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized dose-finding trial. Perlman AI., Ali A., Njike VY., Hom D., Davidi A., Gould-Fogerite S., Milak C., Katz DL. 2012
Pain coping skills training and lifestyle behavioral weight management in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled study. Somers TJ., Blumenthal JA., Guilak F., Kraus VB., Schmitt DO., Babyak MA., Craighead LW., Caldwell DS., Rice JR., McKee DC., Shelby RA., Campbell LC., Pells JJ., Sims EL., Queen R., Carson JW., Connelly M., Dixon KE., Lacaille LJ., Huebner JL., Rejeski WJ., Keefe FJ. 2012
Efficacy of paraffin bath therapy in hand osteoarthritis: a single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Dilek B., Gözüm M., Şahin E., Baydar M., Ergör G., El O., Bircan Ç., Gülbahar S. 2013
Manual therapy, exercise therapy, or both, in addition to usual care, for osteoarthritis of the hip or knee: a randomized controlled trial. 1: clinical effectiveness. Abbott JH., Robertson MC., Chapple C., Pinto D., Wright AA., Leon de la Barra S., Baxter GD., Theis JC., Campbell AJ. 2013
No evidence for the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary group based treatment program in patients with osteoarthritis of hands on the short term; results of a randomized controlled trial. Stukstette MJ., Dekker J., den Broeder AA., Westeneng JM., Bijlsma JW., van den Ende CH. 2013
Efficacy of therapeutic ultrasound for the management of knee osteoarthritis: a randomized, controlled, and double-blind study. Cakir S., Hepguler S., Ozturk C., Korkmaz M., Isleten B., Atamaz FC. 2014
Efficacy of low-level laser therapy applied at acupuncture points in knee osteoarthritis: a randomised double-blind comparative trial. Al Rashoud AS., Abboud RJ., Wang W., Wigderowitz C. 2014
Efficacy of exercise intervention as determined by the McKenzie System of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy for knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial. Rosedale R., Rastogi R., May S., Chesworth BM., Filice F., Willis S., Howard J., Naudie D., Robbins SM. 2014
The efficacy of shock wave therapy in patients with knee osteoarthritis and popliteal cyamella. Chen TW., Lin CW., Lee CL., Chen CH., Chen YJ., Lin TY., Huang MH. 2014
Limited effects of exercises in people with hand osteoarthritis: results from a randomized controlled trial. Østerås N., Hagen KB., Grotle M., Sand-Svartrud AL., Mowinckel P., Kjeken I. 2014
Acupuncture for chronic knee pain: a randomized clinical trial. Hinman RS., McCrory P., Pirotta M., Relf I., Forbes A., Crossley KM., Williamson E., Kyriakides M., Novy K., Metcalf BR., Harris A., Reddy P., Conaghan PG., Bennell KL. 2014
Effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioural group intervention for knee osteoarthritis pain: a randomized controlled trial. Helminen EE., Sinikallio SH., Valjakka AL., Väisänen-Rouvali RH., Arokoski JP. 2015
Intensive Gait Training for Older Adults with Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis. Segal NA., Glass NA., Teran-Yengle P., Singh B., Wallace RB., Yack HJ. 2015
Effectiveness of exercise therapy added to general practitioner care in patients with hip osteoarthritis: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Teirlinck CH., Luijsterburg PA., Dekker J., Bohnen AM., Verhaar JA., Koopmanschap MA., van Es PP., Koes BW., Bierma-Zeinstra SM. 2016
Physical Therapist-Delivered Pain Coping Skills Training and Exercise for Knee Osteoarthritis: Randomized Controlled Trial. Bennell KL., Ahamed Y., Jull G., Bryant C., Hunt MA., Forbes AB., Kasza J., Akram M., Metcalf B., Harris A., Egerton T., Kenardy JA., Nicholas MK., Keefe FJ. 2016
The effectiveness of ultrasound treatment for the management of knee osteoarthritis: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Yildiz SK., Özkan FÜ., Aktaş I., Silte AD., Kaysin MY., Badur NB. 2015
Effects of aerobic exercise versus stress management treatment in fibromyalgia. A 4.5 year prospective study. Wigers SH., Stiles TC., Vogel PA. 1996
Biofeedback/relaxation training and exercise interventions for fibromyalgia: a prospective trial. Buckelew SP., Conway R., Parker J., Deuser WE., Read J., Witty TE., Hewett JE., Minor M., Johnson JC., Van Male L., McIntosh MJ., Nigh M., Kay DR. 1998
Static magnetic fields for treatment of fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial. Alfano AP., Taylor AG., Foresman PA., Dunkl PR., McConnell GG., Conaway MR., Gillies GT. 2001
A randomized clinical trial comparing fitness and biofeedback training versus basic treatment in patients with fibromyalgia. van Santen M., Bolwijn P., Verstappen F., Bakker C., Hidding A., Houben H., van der Heijde D., Landewé R., van der Linden S. 2002
Improving physical functional status in patients with fibromyalgia: a brief cognitive behavioral intervention. Williams DA., Cary MA., Groner KH., Chaplin W., Glazer LJ., Rodriguez AM., Clauw DJ. 2002
The effects of exercise and education, individually or combined, in women with fibromyalgia. King SJ., Wessel J., Bhambhani Y., Sholter D., Maksymowych W. 2002
Fibromyalgia: a randomised, controlled trial of a treatment programme based on self management. Cedraschi C., Desmeules J., Rapiti E., Baumgartner E., Cohen P., Finckh A., Allaz AF., Vischer TL. 2004
Long-term efficacy of therapy in patients with fibromyalgia: a physical exercise-based program and a cognitive-behavioral approach. Redondo JR., Justo CM., Moraleda FV., Velayos YG., Puche JJ., Zubero JR., Hernández TG., Ortells LC., Pareja MA. 2004
A randomized clinical trial of acupuncture compared with sham acupuncture in fibromyalgia. Assefi NP., Sherman KJ., Jacobsen C., Goldberg J., Smith WR., Buchwald D. 2005
A randomized clinical trial of an individualized home-based exercise programme for women with fibromyalgia. Da Costa D., Abrahamowicz M., Lowensteyn I., Bernatsky S., Dritsa M., Fitzcharles MA., Dobkin PL. 2005
Exercise in waist-high warm water decreases pain and improves health-related quality of life and strength in the lower extremities in women with fibromyalgia. Gusi N., Tomas-Carus P., Häkkinen A., Häkkinen K., Ortega-Alonso A. 2006
Improvement in fibromyalgia symptoms with acupuncture: results of a randomized controlled trial. Martin DP., Sletten CD., Williams BA., Berger IH. 2006
Psychological pain treatment in fibromyalgia syndrome: efficacy of operant behavioural and cognitive behavioural treatments. Thieme K., Flor H., Turk DC. 2006
Mindfulness meditation alleviates depressive symptoms in women with fibromyalgia: results of a randomized clinical trial. Sephton SE., Salmon P., Weissbecker I., Ulmer C., Floyd A., Hoover K., Studts JL. 2007
Eight months of physical training in warm water improves physical and mental health in women with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial. Tomas-Carus P., Gusi N., Häkkinen A., Häkkinen K., Leal A., Ortega-Alonso A. 2008
Pool exercise for patients with fibromyalgia or chronic widespread pain: a randomized controlled trial and subgroup analyses. Mannerkorpi K., Nordeman L., Ericsson A., Arndorw M. 2009
Effect of pilates training on people with fibromyalgia syndrome: a pilot study. Altan L., Korkmaz N., Bingol U., Gunay B. 2009
Cognitive-behavioral therapy attenuates nociceptive responding in patients with fibromyalgia: a pilot study. Ang DC., Chakr R., Mazzuca S., France CR., Steiner J., Stump T. 2010
Effects of lifestyle physical activity on perceived symptoms and physical function in adults with fibromyalgia: results of a randomized trial. Fontaine KR., Conn L., Clauw DJ. 2010
Neurofeedback intervention in fibromyalgia syndrome; a randomized, controlled, rater blind clinical trial. Kayiran S., Dursun E., Dursun N., Ermutlu N., Karamürsel S. 2010
A randomized trial of tai chi for fibromyalgia. Wang C., Schmid CH., Rones R., Kalish R., Yinh J., Goldenberg DL., Lee Y., McAlindon T. 2010
Aerobic exercise versus combined exercise therapy in women with fibromyalgia syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Sañudo B., Galiano D., Carrasco L., Blagojevic M., de Hoyo M., Saxton J. 2010
Treating fibromyalgia with mindfulness-based stress reduction: results from a 3-armed randomized controlled trial. Schmidt S., Grossman P., Schwarzer B., Jena S., Naumann J., Walach H. 2011
Benefits of massage-myofascial release therapy on pain, anxiety, quality of sleep, depression, and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia Castro-Sánchez AM., Matarán-Peñarrocha GA., Granero-Molina J., Aguilera-Manrique G., Quesada-Rubio JM., Moreno-Lorenzo C. 2011
Effectiveness of physical activity in reducing pain in patients with fibromyalgia: a blinded randomized clinical trial. Kayo AH., Peccin MS., Sanches CM., Trevisani VF. 2012
Effects of myofascial release techniques on pain, physical function, and postural stability in patients with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial. Castro-Sánchez AM., Matarán-Peñarrocha GA., Arroyo-Morales M., Saavedra-Hernández M., Fernández-Sola C., Moreno-Lorenzo C. 2011
Effectiveness of cognitive behaviour therapy for the treatment of catastrophisation in patients with fibromyalgia: a randomised controlled trial. Alda M., Luciano JV., Andrés E., Serrano-Blanco A., Rodero B., del Hoyo YL., Roca M., Moreno S., Magallón R., García-Campayo J. 2011
Multicomponent cognitive-behavioral group therapy with hypnosis for the treatment of fibromyalgia: long-term outcome. Castel A., Cascón R., Padrol A., Sala J., Rull M. 2012
Effects of exercise training and detraining in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome: a 3-yr longitudinal study. Sañudo B., Carrasco L., de Hoyo M., McVeigh JG. 2012
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy increases pain-evoked activation of the prefrontal cortex in patients with fibromyalgia. Jensen KB., Kosek E., Wicksell R., Kemani M., Olsson G., Merle JV., Kadetoff D., Ingvar M. 2012
A randomized controlled trial of qigong for fibromyalgia. Lynch M., Sawynok J., Hiew C., Marcon D. 2012
Efficacy of a multidisciplinary fibromyalgia treatment adapted for women with low educational levels: a randomized controlled trial. Castel A., Fontova R., Montull S., Periñán R., Poveda MJ., Miralles I., Cascón-Pereira R., Hernández P., Aragonés N., Salvat I., Castro S., Monterde S., Padrol A., Sala J., Añez C., Rull M. 2013
Effectiveness of dance in patients with fibromyalgia: a randomized, single-blind, controlled study Baptista AS., Villela AL., Jones A., Natour J. 2012
Six-and 12-month follow-up of an interdisciplinary fibromyalgia treatment programme: results of a randomised trial Martín J., Torre F., Padierna A., Aguirre U., González N., García S., Matellanes B., Quintana JM. 2012
Guided imagery in people with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial of effects on pain, functional status and self-efficacy. Verkaik R., Busch M., Koeneman T., van den Berg R., Spreeuwenberg P., Francke AL. 2014
Medium-/long-term effects of a specific exercise protocol combined with patient education on spine mobility, chronic fatigue, pain, aerobic fitness and level of disability in fibromyalgia Giannotti E., Koutsikos K., Pigatto M., Rampudda ME., Doria A., Masiero S. 2014
Interdisciplinary rehabilitation of patients with chronic widespread pain: primary endpoint of the randomized, nonblinded, parallel-group IMPROvE trial. Amris K., Wæhrens EE., Christensen R., Bliddal H., Danneskiold-Samsøe B. 2014
Effect of a fibromyalgia rehabilitation programme in warm versus cold climate: a randomized controlled study. Clarke-Jenssen AC., Mengshoel AM., Strumse YS., Forseth KO. 2014
MMPI-2 profiles and illness perception in fibromyalgia syndrome: The role of therapeutic exercise as adapted physical activity. Paolucci T., Vetrano M., Zangrando F., Vulpiani MC., Grasso MR., Trifoglio D., Di Franco M., Iannuccelli C., Sorgi ML., Reis V., Saraceni VM., Guidetti L. 2015
Vagal modulation and symptomatology following a 6-month aerobic exercise program for women with fibromyalgia Sañudo B., Carrasco L., de Hoyo M., Figueroa A., Saxton JM. 2015
Resistance exercise improves muscle strength, health status and pain intensity in fibromyalgia--a randomized controlled trial Larsson A., Palstam A., Löfgren M., Ernberg M., Bjersing J., Bileviciute-Ljungar I., Gerdle B., Kosek E., Mannerkorpi K. 2015
Acupuncture for fibromyalgia in primary care: a randomised controlled trial. Vas J., Santos-Rey K., Navarro-Pablo R., Modesto M., Aguilar I., Campos MÁ., Aguilar-Velasco JF., Romero M., Párraga P., Hervás V., Santamaría O., Márquez-Zurita C., Rivas-Ruiz F. 2016
The effects of long- and short-term interdisciplinary treatment approaches in women with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial. Saral I., Sindel D., Esmaeilzadeh S., Sertel-Berk HO., Oral A. 2016
Efficacy of extremely low-frequency magnetic field in fibromyalgia pain: A pilot study. Paolucci T., Piccinini G., Iosa M., Piermattei C., de Angelis S., Grasso MR., Zangrando F., Saraceni VM. 2016
Sencan, S. Ak, S. Karan, A. Muslumanoglu, L. Ozcan, E. Berker, E. 2004
Traditional Chinese acupuncture in tension-type headache: a controlled study. Tavola T., Gala C., Conte G., Invernizzi G. 1992
A comparison of pharmacological (amitriptyline HCL) and nonpharmacological (cognitive-behavioral) therapies for chronic tension headaches. Holroyd KA., Nash JM., Pingel JD., Cordingley GE., Jerome A. 1991
Placebo-controlled evaluation of abbreviated progressive muscle relaxation and of relaxation combined with cognitive therapy in the treatment of tension headache. Blanchard EB., Appelbaum KA., Radnitz CL., Michultka D., Morrill B., Kirsch C., Hillhouse J., Evans DD., Guarnieri P., Attanasio V. 1990
Spinal manipulation vs. amitriptyline for the treatment of chronic tension-type headaches: a randomized clinical trial Boline PD., Kassak K., Bronfort G., Nelson C., Anderson AV. 1995
Pressure pain threshold and needle acupuncture in chronic tension-type headache--a double-blind placebo-controlled study. Karst M., Rollnik JD., Fink M., Reinhard M., Piepenbrock S. 2000
Management of chronic tension-type headache with tricyclic antidepressant medication, stress management therapy, and their combination: a randomized controlled trial. Holroyd KA., O'Donnell FJ., Stensland M., Lipchik GL., Cordingley GE., Carlson BW. 2001
The effects of laser acupuncture on chronic tension headache--a randomised controlled trial. Ebneshahidi NS., Heshmatipour M., Moghaddami A., Eghtesadi-Araghi P. 2005
Effectiveness of manual therapy for chronic tension-type headache: a pragmatic, randomised, clinical trial. Castien RF., van der Windt DA., Grooten A., Dekker J. 2011
The influence of ictal cutaneous allodynia on the response to occipital transcutaneous electrical stimulation in chronic migraine and chronic tension-type headache: a randomized, sham-controlled study. Bono F., Salvino D., Mazza MR., Curcio M., Trimboli M., Vescio B., Quattrone A. 2015
Controlled trial of Japanese acupuncture for chronic myofascial neck pain: assessment of specific and nonspecific effects of treatment. Birch S., Jamison RN. 1998
Spouse-assisted training in pain coping skills and the outcome of multidisciplinary pain management for chronic low back pain treatment: a 1-year randomized controlled trial Abbasi M., Dehghani M., Keefe FJ., Jafari H., Behtash H., Shams J. 2012
Effectiveness of myofascial release in the management of chronic low back pain in nursing professionals Ajimsha MS., Daniel B., Chithra S. 2014
Effectiveness of mindfulness meditation on pain and quality of life of patients with chronic low back pain Banth S., Ardebil MD. 2015
Laser therapy: a randomized, controlled trial of the effects of low-intensity Nd:YAG laser irradiation on musculoskeletal back pain Basford JR., Sheffield CG., Harmsen WS. 1999
A prospective, randomized 5-year follow-up study of functional restoration in chronic low back pain patients Bendix AE., Bendix T., Haestrup C., Busch E. 1998
Comparison of three intensive programs for chronic low back pain patients: a prospective, randomized, observer-blinded study with one-year follow-up Bendix AF., Bendix T., Lund C., Kirkbak S., Ostenfeld S. 1997
Active treatment programs for patients with chronic low back pain: a prospective, randomized, observer-blinded study Bendix AF., Bendix T., Ostenfeld S., Bush E., -- 1995
Multidisciplinary intensive treatment for chronic low back pain: a randomized, prospective study Bendix AF., Bendix T., Vaegter K., Lund C., Frølund L., Holm L. 1996
Functional restoration versus outpatient physical training in chronic low back pain: a randomized comparative study Bendix T., Bendix A., Labriola M., Haestrup C., Ebbehøj N. 2000
Efficacy of traction for nonspecific low back pain. 12-week and 6-month results of a randomized clinical trial Beurskens AJ., de Vet HC., Köke AJ., Regtop W., van der Heijden GJ., Lindeman E., Knipschild PG. 1997
Qigong versus exercise therapy for chronic low back pain in adults--a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial Blödt S., Pach D., Kaster T., Lüdtke R., Icke K., Reisshauer A., Witt CM. 2015
Acupuncture in patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial Brinkhaus B., Witt CM., Jena S., Linde K., Streng A., Wagenpfeil S., Irnich D., Walther HU., Melchart D., Willich SN. 2006
Supervised exercise, spinal manipulation, and home exercise for chronic low back pain: a randomized clinical trial Bronfort G., Maiers MJ., Evans RL., Schulz CA., Bracha Y., Svendsen KH., Grimm RH., Owens EF., Garvey TA., Transfeldt EE. 2011
Acupuncture for chronic low back pain: a randomized placebo-controlled study with long-term follow-up Carlsson CP., Sjölund BH. 2001
Two-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Clinical Trial of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care for Chronic Low Back Pain Cherkin DC., Anderson ML., Sherman KJ., Balderson BH., Cook AJ., Hansen KE., Turner JA. 2017
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