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Study Title and Description

Accuracy and impact of a point-of-care rapid influenza test in young children with respiratory illnesses.



Key Questions Addressed
1 Key Question 1. For patients with an acute respiratory tract infection and no clear indication for antibiotic treatment, what is the comparative effectiveness of particular strategies in improving the appropriate prescription or use of antibiotics compared with other strategies or standard care? a) Does the comparative effectiveness of strategies differ according to how appropriateness is defined? b) Does the comparative effectiveness of strategies differ according to the intended target of the strategy (i.e., clinicians, patients, and both)? c) Does the comparative effectiveness of strategies differ according to patient characteristics, such as type of respiratory tract infection, signs and symptoms (nature and duration), when counting began for duration of symptoms, previous medical history (e.g., frailty, comorbidity), prior respiratory tract infections, prior use of antibiotics, age, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and educational level attained? d) Does the comparative effectiveness of strategies differ according to clinician characteristics, such as specialty, number of years in practice, type of clinic organization, geographic region, and population served? e) Does the comparative effectiveness differ according to the diagnostic method or definition used, the clinician’s perception of the patient’s illness severity, or the clinician’s diagnostic certainty? f) Does the comparative effectiveness differ according to various background contextual factors, such as the time of year, known patterns of disease activity (e.g., an influenza epidemic, a pertussis outbreak), system level characteristics, or whether the intervention was locally tailored?
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6 Key Question 6. What are the comparative nonclinical adverse effects of strategies for improving the appropriate use of antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections (e.g., increased time burden on clinicians, patients, clinic staff)?
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Accuracy and impact of a point-of-care rapid influenza test in young children with respiratory illnesses.
Author Poehling KA., Zhu Y., Tang YW., Edwards K.
Country Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tenn 37232-2504, USA. katherine.poehling@vanderbilt.edu
Year 2006
Numbers Pubmed ID: 16818837

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Interventions to Reduce Antibiotic Prescribing for Uncomplicated Acute Respiratory Tract Infections Extraction Form


Results & Comparisons

No Results found.