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Study Title and Description

Decreasing antibiotic use in ambulatory practice: impact of a multidimensional intervention on the treatment of uncomplicated acute bronchitis in adults.



Key Questions Addressed
1 Key Question 1. For patients with an acute respiratory tract infection and no clear indication for antibiotic treatment, what is the comparative effectiveness of particular strategies in improving the appropriate prescription or use of antibiotics compared with other strategies or standard care? a) Does the comparative effectiveness of strategies differ according to how appropriateness is defined? b) Does the comparative effectiveness of strategies differ according to the intended target of the strategy (i.e., clinicians, patients, and both)? c) Does the comparative effectiveness of strategies differ according to patient characteristics, such as type of respiratory tract infection, signs and symptoms (nature and duration), when counting began for duration of symptoms, previous medical history (e.g., frailty, comorbidity), prior respiratory tract infections, prior use of antibiotics, age, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and educational level attained? d) Does the comparative effectiveness of strategies differ according to clinician characteristics, such as specialty, number of years in practice, type of clinic organization, geographic region, and population served? e) Does the comparative effectiveness differ according to the diagnostic method or definition used, the clinician’s perception of the patient’s illness severity, or the clinician’s diagnostic certainty? f) Does the comparative effectiveness differ according to various background contextual factors, such as the time of year, known patterns of disease activity (e.g., an influenza epidemic, a pertussis outbreak), system level characteristics, or whether the intervention was locally tailored?
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4 Key Question 4. For patients with an acute respiratory tract infection and no clear indication for antibiotic treatment, what is the comparative effect of particular strategies on other clinical outcomes (e.g., health care utilization, patient satisfaction) compared with other strategies or standard care? a) Does the comparative effect of strategies differ according to the intended target of the strategy (i.e., clinicians, patients, and both)? b) Does the comparative effect of strategies differ according to patient characteristics, such as type of respiratory tract infection, signs and symptoms (nature and duration), when counting began for duration of symptoms, previous medical history (e.g., frailty, comorbidity), prior respiratory tract infections, prior use of antibiotics, age, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and educational level attained? c) Does the comparative effect of strategies differ according to clinician characteristics, such as specialty, number of years in practice, type of clinic organization, geographic region, and population served? d) Does the comparative effectiveness differ according to the diagnostic method or definition used, the clinician’s perception of the patient’s illness severity, or the clinician’s diagnostic certainty? e) Does the comparative effect differ according to various background contextual factors, such as the time of year, known patterns of disease activity (e.g., an influenza epidemic, a pertussis outbreak), whether the intervention was locally tailored or system-level characteristics?
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Decreasing antibiotic use in ambulatory practice: impact of a multidimensional intervention on the treatment of uncomplicated acute bronchitis in adults.
Author Gonzales R., Steiner JF., Lum A., Barrett PH.
Country Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262, USA. Ralph.Gonzales@uchsc.edu
Year 1999
Numbers Pubmed ID: 10227321

Secondary Publication Information
UI Title Author Country Year
Impact of reducing antibiotic prescribing for acute bronchitis on patient satisfaction. Gonzales R., Steiner JF., Maselli J., Lum A., Barrett PH. Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colo., USA. ralphg@medicine.ucsf.edu -- Not Found --
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Extraction Form: Interventions to Reduce Antibiotic Prescribing for Uncomplicated Acute Respiratory Tract Infections Extraction Form


Results & Comparisons

No Results found.