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Study Title and Description

Effect of antibiotic prescribing strategies and an information leaflet on longer-term reconsultation for acute lower respiratory tract infection.



Key Questions Addressed
1 Key Question 1. For patients with an acute respiratory tract infection and no clear indication for antibiotic treatment, what is the comparative effectiveness of particular strategies in improving the appropriate prescription or use of antibiotics compared with other strategies or standard care? a) Does the comparative effectiveness of strategies differ according to how appropriateness is defined? b) Does the comparative effectiveness of strategies differ according to the intended target of the strategy (i.e., clinicians, patients, and both)? c) Does the comparative effectiveness of strategies differ according to patient characteristics, such as type of respiratory tract infection, signs and symptoms (nature and duration), when counting began for duration of symptoms, previous medical history (e.g., frailty, comorbidity), prior respiratory tract infections, prior use of antibiotics, age, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and educational level attained? d) Does the comparative effectiveness of strategies differ according to clinician characteristics, such as specialty, number of years in practice, type of clinic organization, geographic region, and population served? e) Does the comparative effectiveness differ according to the diagnostic method or definition used, the clinician’s perception of the patient’s illness severity, or the clinician’s diagnostic certainty? f) Does the comparative effectiveness differ according to various background contextual factors, such as the time of year, known patterns of disease activity (e.g., an influenza epidemic, a pertussis outbreak), system level characteristics, or whether the intervention was locally tailored?
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4 Key Question 4. For patients with an acute respiratory tract infection and no clear indication for antibiotic treatment, what is the comparative effect of particular strategies on other clinical outcomes (e.g., health care utilization, patient satisfaction) compared with other strategies or standard care? a) Does the comparative effect of strategies differ according to the intended target of the strategy (i.e., clinicians, patients, and both)? b) Does the comparative effect of strategies differ according to patient characteristics, such as type of respiratory tract infection, signs and symptoms (nature and duration), when counting began for duration of symptoms, previous medical history (e.g., frailty, comorbidity), prior respiratory tract infections, prior use of antibiotics, age, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and educational level attained? c) Does the comparative effect of strategies differ according to clinician characteristics, such as specialty, number of years in practice, type of clinic organization, geographic region, and population served? d) Does the comparative effectiveness differ according to the diagnostic method or definition used, the clinician’s perception of the patient’s illness severity, or the clinician’s diagnostic certainty? e) Does the comparative effect differ according to various background contextual factors, such as the time of year, known patterns of disease activity (e.g., an influenza epidemic, a pertussis outbreak), whether the intervention was locally tailored or system-level characteristics?
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Effect of antibiotic prescribing strategies and an information leaflet on longer-term reconsultation for acute lower respiratory tract infection.
Author Moore M., Little P., Rumsby K., Kelly J., Watson L., Warner G., Fahey T., Williamson I.
Country Division of Community Clinical Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton. mvm198@soton.ac.uk
Year 2009
Numbers Pubmed ID: 19843421

Secondary Publication Information
UI Title Author Country Year
Information leaflet and antibiotic prescribing strategies for acute lower respiratory tract infection: a randomized controlled trial. Little P., Rumsby K., Kelly J., Watson L., Moore M., Warner G., Fahey T., Williamson I. Primary Medical Care Group, University of Southampton, Highfield, England. p.little@soton.ac.uk 2005
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Extraction Form: Interventions to Reduce Antibiotic Prescribing for Uncomplicated Acute Respiratory Tract Infections Extraction Form


Results & Comparisons

No Results found.