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Study Title and Description

The effect of a community intervention trial on parental knowledge and awareness of antibiotic resistance and appropriate antibiotic use in children.



Key Questions Addressed
4 Key Question 4. For patients with an acute respiratory tract infection and no clear indication for antibiotic treatment, what is the comparative effect of particular strategies on other clinical outcomes (e.g., health care utilization, patient satisfaction) compared with other strategies or standard care? a) Does the comparative effect of strategies differ according to the intended target of the strategy (i.e., clinicians, patients, and both)? b) Does the comparative effect of strategies differ according to patient characteristics, such as type of respiratory tract infection, signs and symptoms (nature and duration), when counting began for duration of symptoms, previous medical history (e.g., frailty, comorbidity), prior respiratory tract infections, prior use of antibiotics, age, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and educational level attained? c) Does the comparative effect of strategies differ according to clinician characteristics, such as specialty, number of years in practice, type of clinic organization, geographic region, and population served? d) Does the comparative effectiveness differ according to the diagnostic method or definition used, the clinician’s perception of the patient’s illness severity, or the clinician’s diagnostic certainty? e) Does the comparative effect differ according to various background contextual factors, such as the time of year, known patterns of disease activity (e.g., an influenza epidemic, a pertussis outbreak), whether the intervention was locally tailored or system-level characteristics?
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5 Key Question 5. For patients with an acute respiratory tract infection and no clear indication for antibiotic treatment, what is the comparative effect of particular strategies on achieving intended intermediate outcomes, such as improved knowledge regarding use of antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections (clinicians and/or patients), improved shared decisionmaking regarding the use of antibiotics, and improved clinician skills for appropriate antibiotic use (e.g., communication appropriate for patients’ literacy level and/or cultural background)?
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title The effect of a community intervention trial on parental knowledge and awareness of antibiotic resistance and appropriate antibiotic use in children.
Author Trepka MJ., Belongia EA., Chyou PH., Davis JP., Schwartz B.
Country Epidemic Intelligence Service, State Branch, Division of Applied Public Health Training, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. maryjotrepka@doh.state.fl.us
Year 2001
Numbers Pubmed ID: 11134470

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Interventions to Reduce Antibiotic Prescribing for Uncomplicated Acute Respiratory Tract Infections Extraction Form


Results & Comparisons

No Results found.