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Study Title and Description

Interventions to improve antibiotic prescribing practices for hospital inpatients.



Key Questions Addressed
3 Key Question 3 - Prevention interventions
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10 Key Question 10 - Reviews and Meta-analyses
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Interventions to improve antibiotic prescribing practices for hospital inpatients.
Author Davey P., Brown E., Fenelon L., Finch R., Gould I., Hartman G., Holmes A., Ramsay C., Taylor E., Wilcox M., Wiffen P.
Country Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, MEMO, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Dundee, Scotland, UK DD1 9SY. p.g.davey@chs.dundee.ac.uk
Year 2005
Numbers Pubmed ID: 16235326

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Key Question 2 - Prevention interventions (Table 4)
Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Country UK
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Study Design Cochrane Review five included studies
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Population Hospital inpatients
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Category of Intervention Antibiotic Use
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Intervention Improve antibiotic prescribing practices
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Outcome CDI incidence
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Findings Four interventions were associated with significant reductions in CDI
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Quality Issues Only one study was judged to be of "good" quality
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Results & Comparisons

No Results found.

Extraction Form: Reviews and Meta-analyses (Table C12)
Arms
No arms have been defined in this extraction form.

Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Focus of Review Prevention
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Title/Question Patient Population Interventions to improve antibiotic prescribing practices for hospital inpatients Hospitals/units for all inpatients
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# of Studies Patient N 66 studies, RCT to time series
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Comparators 60 interventions to improve prescribing practices versus usual processes
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Outcomes Followup Presence of Gram negative- resistant bacteria, CDI, vancomycin- resistant enterococci, MRSA
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Results Both persuasive and restrictive interventions were effective overall.
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Baseline Characteristics
No baseline characteristics have been defined for this extraction form.



Results & Comparisons

No Results found.
Adverse Events
Arm or Total Title Description Comments

Quality Dimensions
No quality dimensions were specified.

Quality Rating
No quality rating data was found.