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Study Title and Description

Risk factors for Clostridium difficile infection.



Key Questions Addressed
5 Key Question 5 - Summary of risk factors for CDI
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10 Key Question 10 - Reviews and Meta-analyses
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Risk factors for Clostridium difficile infection.
Author Bignardi GE.
Country Microbiology Department, Sunderland Royal Hospital, UK.
Year 1998
Numbers Pubmed ID: 9777516
1343 (internal)

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Key Question 2 - Summary of risk factors for CDI (Table 7)
Arms
No arms have been defined in this extraction form.

Baseline Characteristics
Question Total Comments
AnswerFollow-up
Specific Antibiotic Use
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General Antibiotic Use Duration of antibiotic course; multiple antibiotics
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Health Status or Disease Severity Severity of underlying diseases
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Acid Suppression Anti-ulcer medications
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Hospitalization in an ICU Yes
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Age Yes
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Miscellaneous Non-surgical gastrointestinal procedures, nasogastric tube, hospital length of stay
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Results & Comparisons

No Results found.

Extraction Form: Reviews and Meta-analyses (Table C12)
Arms
No arms have been defined in this extraction form.

Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Focus of Review Prevention
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Title/Question Patient Population Assess risk factors for CDI NR
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# of Studies Patient N 49 studies
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Comparators C. difficile cases versus individuals without diarrhea
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Outcomes Followup CDI, C. difficile carrier
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Results Risk factors with "substantive" evidence: age, severity of underlying diseases, nonsurgical gastrointestinal procedures, nasogastric tube, anti-ulcer medications, ICU, LoS, duration of antibiotic course, multiple antibiotics
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Baseline Characteristics
No baseline characteristics have been defined for this extraction form.



Results & Comparisons

No Results found.
Adverse Events
Arm or Total Title Description Comments

Quality Dimensions
No quality dimensions were specified.

Quality Rating
No quality rating data was found.