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Study Title and Description

A trial of sugar-free or sugar-sweetened beverages and body weight in children.



Key Questions Addressed
1 What is the relationship between low-calorie sweeteners and body weight and composition in randomized controlled studies?
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title A trial of sugar-free or sugar-sweetened beverages and body weight in children.
Author de Ruyter JC., Olthof MR., Seidell JC., Katan MB.
Country Department of Health Sciences, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. j.c.de.ruyter@vu.nl
Year 2012
Numbers Pubmed ID: 22998340
13291 (internal)

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Extraction form for randomized controlled trials
Arms
No arms have been defined in this extraction form.

Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Author, year de Ruyter, 2012
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Country US
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Baseline age range (y) or mean (SD) 4-11
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Children, Adolescents, or Adults Children/ adolescents
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Other population characteristics primarily normal-weight children
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Baseline BMI (mean) 16.8 (0.03 z-score for age)
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Intervention details Children received 8-oz/d sugar-free, artificially sweetened beverage or sugar-containing beverage (104 kcal)
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Tx arm 8-oz/d artificially-sweetened sugar-free beverage
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Beverage (B), Food (F), or Supplement (S) B
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Weight loss diet in tx? N
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Control arm 8-oz/d sugar-sweetened beverage
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Weight loss diet in control? N
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Energy intake significantly less in tx? NR
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Duration (wk) 18
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No. analyzed (tx) 225
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No. analyzed (control) 252
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Intake of sweetener (tx) mean (SD) 34 mg sucralose + 12 mg acesulfame K
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Sex (M, F) 343 M, 298 F
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Outcome measure 1 Body weight (kg)
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Outcome measure 2 BMI z score
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Outcome measure 3 Fat mass (kg)
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Outcome measure 4 WC (cm)
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Pre-study mean outcome 1 (tx) 29.76
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Pre-study mean outcome 2 (tx) 0.05
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Pre-study mean outcome 3 (tx) 5.61
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Pre-study mean outcome 4 (tx) 58.63
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Pre-study SD outcome 1 (tx) 8.44
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Pre-study SD outcome 2 (tx) 0.99
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Pre-study SD outcome 3 (tx) 3.44
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Pre-study SD outcome 4 (tx) 6.9
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Post-study mean outcome 1 (tx) 36.09
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Post-study mean outcome 2 (tx) 0.07
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Post-study mean outcome 3 (tx) 6.65
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Post-study mean outcome 4 (tx) 61.99
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Post-study SD outcome 1 (tx) 10.19
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Post-study SD outcome 2 (tx) 0.98
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Post-study SD outcome 3 (tx) 4.29
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Post-study SD outcome 4 (tx) 7.79
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Pre-study mean outcome 1 (control) 29.75
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Pre-study mean outcome 2 (control) -0.02
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Pre-study mean outcome 3 (control) 5.45
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Pre-study mean outcome 4 (control) 58.3
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Pre-study SD outcome 1 (control) 8.2
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Pre-study SD outcome 2 (control) 1
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Pre-study SD outcome 3 (control) 3.21
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Pre-study SD outcome 4 (control) 6.43
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Post-study mean outcome 1 (control) 37.06
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Post-study mean outcome 2 (control) 0.14
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Post-study mean outcome 3 (control) 7.02
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Post-study mean outcome 4 (control) 62.35
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Post-study SD outcome 1 (control) 10.66
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Post-study SD outcome 2 (control) 1.06
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Post-study SD outcome 3 (control) 4.4
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Post-study SD outcome 4 (control) 7.55
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Mean change outcome 1 (tx) NA
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Mean change outcome 2 (tx) NA
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Mean change outcome 3 (tx) NA
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Change SD outcome 1 (tx) NA
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Change SD outcome 2 (tx) NA
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Change SD outcome 3 (tx) NA
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Mean change outcome 1 (control) NA
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Mean change outcome 2 (control) NA
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Mean change outcome 3 (control) NA
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Change SD outcome 1 (control) NA
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Change SD outcome 2 (control) NA
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Change SD outcome 3 (control) NA
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Notes
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Baseline Characteristics
No baseline characteristics have been defined for this extraction form.



Results & Comparisons

No Results found.
Adverse Events
Arm or Total Title Description Comments

Quality Dimensions
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