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Study Title and Description

A randomized trial of sugar-sweetened beverages and adolescent body weight.



Key Questions Addressed
1 What is the relationship between low-calorie sweeteners and body weight and composition in randomized controlled studies?
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title A randomized trial of sugar-sweetened beverages and adolescent body weight.
Author Ebbeling CB., Feldman HA., Chomitz VR., Antonelli TA., Gortmaker SL., Osganian SK., Ludwig DS.
Country New Balance Foundation Obesity Prevention Center, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.
Year 2012
Numbers Pubmed ID: 22998339
13292 (internal)

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Extraction form for randomized controlled trials
Arms
No arms have been defined in this extraction form.

Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Author, year Ebbeling, 2012
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Country US
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Baseline age range (y) or mean (SD) 15.3 (0.7)
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Children, Adolescents, or Adults Children/ adolescents
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Other population characteristics Adolescents with a BMI > 85th percentile who consumed > 1 SSB or fruit juice per day
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Baseline BMI (mean) 30.3
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Intervention details home delivery of noncaloric beverages (bottled water and artificially sweetened beverages) + instructions not to buy/drink SSBs; supermarket gift cards to control group with no instructions
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Tx arm Displacing SSB with noncaloric beverage via home delivery (water or artifically sweetened beverage); 0.9 servings/d at year 1
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Beverage (B), Food (F), or Supplement (S) B
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Weight loss diet in tx? N
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Control arm Were not provided with beverages; assumed to continue normal beverage intake habits; were mailed gift cards with no instructions
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Weight loss diet in control? N
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Energy intake significantly less in tx? Y
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Duration (wk) 52
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No. analyzed (tx) 110
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No. analyzed (control) 107
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Intake of sweetener (tx) mean (SD) 0.9 servings (10.8 oz)/d of artificially sweetened beverage
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Sex (M, F) 124 M, 100 F
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Outcome measure 1 BMI
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Outcome measure 2 Body weight (kg)
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Outcome measure 3 Fat mass (kg)
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Outcome measure 4
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Pre-study mean outcome 1 (tx) 30.36
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Pre-study mean outcome 2 (tx) 85.2
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Pre-study mean outcome 3 (tx) 27.2
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Pre-study mean outcome 4 (tx)
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Pre-study SD outcome 1 (tx) 5.24
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Pre-study SD outcome 2 (tx) 16.8
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Pre-study SD outcome 3 (tx) 1.39
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Pre-study SD outcome 4 (tx)
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Post-study mean outcome 1 (tx) 30.5
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Post-study mean outcome 2 (tx) 87
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Post-study mean outcome 3 (tx) 28.1
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Post-study mean outcome 4 (tx)
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Post-study SD outcome 1 (tx) 5.55
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Post-study SD outcome 2 (tx) 18
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Post-study SD outcome 3 (tx) 1.62
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Post-study SD outcome 4 (tx)
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Pre-study mean outcome 1 (control) 30.05
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Pre-study mean outcome 2 (control) 86.1
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Pre-study mean outcome 3 (control) 26.86
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Pre-study mean outcome 4 (control)
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Pre-study SD outcome 1 (control) 4.66
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Pre-study SD outcome 2 (control) 17
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Pre-study SD outcome 3 (control) 1.39
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Pre-study SD outcome 4 (control)
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Post-study mean outcome 1 (control) 30.61
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Post-study mean outcome 2 (control) 90.2
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Post-study mean outcome 3 (control) 29.3
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Post-study mean outcome 4 (control)
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Post-study SD outcome 1 (control) 5.37
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Post-study SD outcome 2 (control) 19.8
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Post-study SD outcome 3 (control) 1.68
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Post-study SD outcome 4 (control)
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Mean change outcome 1 (tx) NA
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Mean change outcome 2 (tx) NA
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Mean change outcome 3 (tx) NA
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Change SD outcome 1 (tx) NA
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Change SD outcome 2 (tx) NA
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Change SD outcome 3 (tx) NA
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Mean change outcome 1 (control) NA
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Mean change outcome 2 (control) NA
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Mean change outcome 3 (control) NA
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Change SD outcome 1 (control) NA
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Change SD outcome 2 (control) NA
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Change SD outcome 3 (control) NA
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Notes year 2 data NR here because intervention (provision of beverages) ended at 1y; intakes of LCS beverages were nearly identical between experimental and control arms; objective was to reduce rate of weight gain; converted body fat% to fat mass (kg)
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Baseline Characteristics
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Results & Comparisons

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