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Study Title and Description

Effects of sugar-sweetened and sugar-free cocoa on endothelial function in overweight adults.



Key Questions Addressed
1 What is the relationship between low-calorie sweeteners and body weight and composition in randomized controlled studies?
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Effects of sugar-sweetened and sugar-free cocoa on endothelial function in overweight adults.
Author Njike VY., Faridi Z., Shuval K., Dutta S., Kay CD., West SG., Kris-Etherton PM., Katz DL.
Country Prevention Research Center, Yale University School of Medicine, Derby, CT 06418, USA.
Year 2011
Numbers Pubmed ID: 20036019
13299 (internal)

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Extraction form for randomized controlled trials
Arms
No arms have been defined in this extraction form.

Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Author, year Njike, 2011
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Country US
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Baseline age range (y) or mean (SD) 52 (11)
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Children, Adolescents, or Adults Adults
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Other population characteristics Overweight/ obese [BMI between 25-35)] but otherwise healthy
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Baseline BMI (mean) 30.3
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Intervention details Crossover design: sugar-free cocoa beverage, sugar-sweetened cocoa beverage, and sugar-sweetened cocoa-free placebo
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Tx arm 2 sugar-free hot cocoa beverages/d
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Beverage (B), Food (F), or Supplement (S) B
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Weight loss diet in tx? N
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Control arm 2 sugar-sweetened hot cocoa beverages/d
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Weight loss diet in control? N
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Energy intake significantly less in tx? NR
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Duration (wk) 6
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No. analyzed (tx) 38
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No. analyzed (control) 39
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Intake of sweetener (tx) mean (SD) 2 x 8 oz sugar-free hot cocoa (acesulfame K and aspartame)
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Sex (M, F) 6 M, 33 F
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Outcome measure 1 Body weight (kg)
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Outcome measure 2 BMI
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Outcome measure 3 WC (cm)
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Outcome measure 4
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Pre-study mean outcome 1 (tx) NA
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Pre-study mean outcome 2 (tx) NA
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Pre-study mean outcome 3 (tx) NA
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Pre-study mean outcome 4 (tx)
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Pre-study SD outcome 1 (tx) NA
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Pre-study SD outcome 2 (tx) NA
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Pre-study SD outcome 3 (tx) NA
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Pre-study SD outcome 4 (tx)
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Post-study mean outcome 1 (tx) NA
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Post-study mean outcome 2 (tx) NA
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Post-study mean outcome 3 (tx) NA
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Post-study mean outcome 4 (tx)
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Post-study SD outcome 1 (tx) NA
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Post-study SD outcome 2 (tx) NA
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Post-study SD outcome 3 (tx) NA
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Post-study SD outcome 4 (tx)
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Pre-study mean outcome 1 (control) NA
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Pre-study mean outcome 2 (control) NA
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Pre-study mean outcome 3 (control) NA
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Pre-study mean outcome 4 (control)
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Pre-study SD outcome 1 (control) NA
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Pre-study SD outcome 2 (control) NA
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Pre-study SD outcome 3 (control) NA
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Pre-study SD outcome 4 (control)
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Post-study mean outcome 1 (control) NA
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Post-study mean outcome 2 (control) NA
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Post-study mean outcome 3 (control) NA
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Post-study mean outcome 4 (control)
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Post-study SD outcome 1 (control) NA
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Post-study SD outcome 2 (control) NA
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Post-study SD outcome 3 (control) NA
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Post-study SD outcome 4 (control)
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Mean change outcome 1 (tx) 0
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Mean change outcome 2 (tx) 0
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Mean change outcome 3 (tx) -1.8
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Change SD outcome 1 (tx) 0.08
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Change SD outcome 2 (tx) 0.05
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Change SD outcome 3 (tx) 0.71
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Mean change outcome 1 (control) 0.2
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Mean change outcome 2 (control) 0.1
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Mean change outcome 3 (control) -1.3
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Change SD outcome 1 (control) 0.19
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Change SD outcome 2 (control) 0.15
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Change SD outcome 3 (control) 0.66
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Notes Only included sugar-free cocoa vs. sugar-sweetened cocoa comparison because other group was sugar-sweetened non-cocoa (therefore, would not know if any observed difference was due to cocoa or sugar)
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Baseline Characteristics
No baseline characteristics have been defined for this extraction form.



Results & Comparisons

No Results found.
Adverse Events
Arm or Total Title Description Comments

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