Study Title and Description
Fueling the obesity epidemic? Artificially sweetened beverage use and long-term weight gain.
Key Questions Addressed
|2||What is the relationship between low-calorie sweeteners and body weight and composition in prospective observational cohort studies?|
Primary Publication Information
|Title||Fueling the obesity epidemic? Artificially sweetened beverage use and long-term weight gain.|
|Author||Fowler SP., Williams K., Resendez RG., Hunt KJ., Hazuda HP., Stern MP.|
|Country||Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Epidemiology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA. email@example.com|
Pubmed ID: 18535548
Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.
Extraction Form: Extraction form for prospective observational studies
No arms have been defined in this extraction form.
|Question... Follow Up||Answer||Follow-up Answer|
|Author, year||Fowler, 2008 (all)|
|Cohort name||San Antonio Heart Study|
|Baseline age, y||25-64|
|Follow-up, y (between diet and outcome)||7.5|
|Children/ adolescents (C) or adults (A)||A|
|Other population characteristics||Mexican-Americans and non-Hispanic whites|
|Author-defined exposure||Baseline artificially sweetened (AS) beverage intake (soda, coffe, tea)|
|Assigned exposure||LCS beverage intake|
|Beverage (B), Food (F), or Supplement (S)||B|
|Exposure assessment method||Beverage intake survey questions|
|Diet assessment method||24-h recall + beverage specific questions|
|Year diet assessed||1979-1988|
|Analytic cohort no.||3371|
|Sex (M, F)||1421 M, 1950 F|
|Author-defined outcome 1||BMI change|
|Author-defined outcome 2|
|Assigned outcome 1||BMI change|
|Assigned outcome 2|
|β1 for Δ in outcome per unit increase in baseline exposure||NA|
|β2 for Δ in outcome per unit increase in baseline exposure|
|SE1 for β (baseline exposure)||NA|
|SE2 for β (baseline exposure)|
|t-statistic (baseline exposure and outcome)||NA|
|β for Δ in outcome per unit change in exposure overtime||NA|
|SE for β (change in exposure overtime)||NA|
|t-statistic (baseline exposure and outcome overtime)||NA|
|Highest Q intake||3.86|
|Q1 change in outcome||1.01|
|Q1 SD change in outcome||2.79|
|Highest Q mean change in outcome||1.78|
|Highest Q SD change in outcome||2.81|
|RR (highest vs. lowest)||NA|
|LL (highest vs. lowest)||NA|
|UL (highest vs. lowest)||NA|
|Statistical adjustments||sex, ethnicity, age, education, SES index, BMI, PA, and smoking status|
|Baseline BMI/ weight-adjusted||Y|
|Notes||Converted 95% CIs for change in BMI (kg) to SDs|
No baseline characteristics have been defined for this extraction form.
Results & Comparisons
No Results found.
|Arm or Total||Title||Description||Comments|
No quality dimensions were specified.
No quality rating data was found.