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Study Title and Description

Fueling the obesity epidemic? Artificially sweetened beverage use and long-term weight gain.



Key Questions Addressed
2 What is the relationship between low-calorie sweeteners and body weight and composition in prospective observational cohort studies?
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Fueling the obesity epidemic? Artificially sweetened beverage use and long-term weight gain.
Author Fowler SP., Williams K., Resendez RG., Hunt KJ., Hazuda HP., Stern MP.
Country Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Epidemiology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA. fowlers@uthscsa.edu
Year 2008
Numbers Pubmed ID: 18535548
13307 (internal)

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Extraction form for prospective observational studies
Arms
No arms have been defined in this extraction form.

Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Author, year Fowler, 2008 (all)
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Cohort name San Antonio Heart Study
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Country US
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Baseline age, y 25-64
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Follow-up, y (between diet and outcome) 7.5
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Children/ adolescents (C) or adults (A) A
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Other population characteristics Mexican-Americans and non-Hispanic whites
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Mean BMI 27.4
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Author-defined exposure Baseline artificially sweetened (AS) beverage intake (soda, coffe, tea)
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Assigned exposure LCS beverage intake
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Beverage (B), Food (F), or Supplement (S) B
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Exposure assessment method Beverage intake survey questions
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Diet assessment method 24-h recall + beverage specific questions
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Year diet assessed 1979-1988
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Analytic cohort no. 3371
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Sex (M, F) 1421 M, 1950 F
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Author-defined outcome 1 BMI change
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Author-defined outcome 2
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Assigned outcome 1 BMI change
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Assigned outcome 2
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Exposure unit serving/d
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β1 for Δ in outcome per unit increase in baseline exposure NA
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β2 for Δ in outcome per unit increase in baseline exposure
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SE1 for β (baseline exposure) NA
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SE2 for β (baseline exposure)
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t-statistic (baseline exposure and outcome) NA
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β for Δ in outcome per unit change in exposure overtime NA
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SE for β (change in exposure overtime) NA
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t-statistic (baseline exposure and outcome overtime) NA
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Quantiles Quintiles
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Q1 intake 0
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Highest Q intake 3.86
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Q1 change in outcome 1.01
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Q1 SD change in outcome 2.79
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Highest Q mean change in outcome 1.78
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Highest Q SD change in outcome 2.81
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RR (highest vs. lowest) NA
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LL (highest vs. lowest) NA
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UL (highest vs. lowest) NA
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Dose-response RR NA
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Dose-response LL NA
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Dose-response UL NA
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Statistical adjustments sex, ethnicity, age, education, SES index, BMI, PA, and smoking status
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MV-adjusted (Y/N) Y
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Energy-adjusted (Y/N) N
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Baseline BMI/ weight-adjusted Y
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Notes Converted 95% CIs for change in BMI (kg) to SDs
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Baseline Characteristics
No baseline characteristics have been defined for this extraction form.



Results & Comparisons

No Results found.
Adverse Events
Arm or Total Title Description Comments

Quality Dimensions
No quality dimensions were specified.

Quality Rating
No quality rating data was found.