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Study Title and Description

Beverage consumption is not associated with changes in weight and body mass index among low-income preschool children in North Dakota.



Key Questions Addressed
2 What is the relationship between low-calorie sweeteners and body weight and composition in prospective observational cohort studies?
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Beverage consumption is not associated with changes in weight and body mass index among low-income preschool children in North Dakota.
Author Newby PK., Peterson KE., Berkey CS., Leppert J., Willett WC., Colditz GA.
Country Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA. pknewby@post.harvard.edu
Year 2004
Numbers Pubmed ID: 15215766
13311 (internal)

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Extraction form for prospective observational studies
Arms
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Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Author, year Newby, 2004
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Cohort name Data from North Dakota WIC program
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Country US
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Baseline age, y 2.9 (0.7)
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Follow-up, y (between diet and outcome) 0.5-1
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Children/ adolescents (C) or adults (A) C
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Other population characteristics Low-income preschool children participating in WIC
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Mean BMI 16.6
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Author-defined exposure Baseline diet soda intake (all no- or low-calorie soda)
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Assigned exposure LCS beverage intake
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Beverage (B), Food (F), or Supplement (S) B
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Exposure assessment method FFQ
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Diet assessment method Validated FFQ
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Year diet assessed 1995-98
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Analytic cohort no. 1345
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Sex (M, F) 675 M, 670 F
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Author-defined outcome 1 Change in weight
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Author-defined outcome 2 Change in BMI
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Assigned outcome 1 BW change
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Assigned outcome 2 BMI change
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Exposure unit servings/d
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β1 for Δ in outcome per unit increase in baseline exposure 0.005
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β2 for Δ in outcome per unit increase in baseline exposure 0.005
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SE1 for β (baseline exposure) 0.009
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SE2 for β (baseline exposure) 0.009
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t-statistic (baseline exposure and outcome) NR
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β for Δ in outcome per unit change in exposure overtime NA
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SE for β (change in exposure overtime) NA
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t-statistic (baseline exposure and outcome overtime) NA
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Quantiles NA
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Q1 intake NA
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Highest Q intake NA
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Q1 change in outcome NA
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Q1 SD change in outcome NA
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Highest Q mean change in outcome NA
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Highest Q SD change in outcome NA
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RR (highest vs. lowest) NA
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LL (highest vs. lowest) NA
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UL (highest vs. lowest) NA
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Dose-response RR NA
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Dose-response LL NA
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Dose-response UL NA
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Statistical adjustments age, sex, energy intake, race, residence, level of poverty, maternal education, and birthweight
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MV-adjusted (Y/N) Y
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Energy-adjusted (Y/N) Y
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Baseline BMI/ weight-adjusted N
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Notes
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Baseline Characteristics
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Results & Comparisons

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Adverse Events
Arm or Total Title Description Comments

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