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Study Title and Description

Dietary factors in relation to weight change among men and women from two southeastern New England communities.



Key Questions Addressed
2 What is the relationship between low-calorie sweeteners and body weight and composition in prospective observational cohort studies?
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Primary Publication Information
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TitleData
Title Dietary factors in relation to weight change among men and women from two southeastern New England communities.
Author Parker DR., Gonzalez S., Derby CA., Gans KM., Lasater TM., Carleton RA.
Country Division of Health Education, Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Pawtucket 02860, USA.
Year 1997
Numbers Pubmed ID: 9043963
13312 (internal)

Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.


Extraction Form: Extraction form for prospective observational studies
Arms
No arms have been defined in this extraction form.

Design Details
Question... Follow Up Answer Follow-up Answer
Author, year Parker, 1997 (b)
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Cohort name Pawtucket Heart Health Program (PHHP)
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Country US
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Baseline age, y 18-64
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Follow-up, y (between diet and outcome) 4
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Children/ adolescents (C) or adults (A) A
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Other population characteristics Predominately Caucasian (94%) generally health population
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Mean BMI 26.5
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Author-defined exposure Baseline saccharin intake
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Assigned exposure Saccharin intake
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Beverage (B), Food (F), or Supplement (S) S
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Exposure assessment method FFQ
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Diet assessment method Validated FFQ
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Year diet assessed 1986-87
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Analytic cohort no. 465
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Sex (M, F) 176 M, 289 F
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Author-defined outcome 1 Change in BW
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Author-defined outcome 2
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Assigned outcome 1 BW change
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Assigned outcome 2
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Exposure unit g/d
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β1 for Δ in outcome per unit increase in baseline exposure 0.373
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β2 for Δ in outcome per unit increase in baseline exposure
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SE1 for β (baseline exposure) 0.249
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SE2 for β (baseline exposure)
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t-statistic (baseline exposure and outcome) NA
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β for Δ in outcome per unit change in exposure overtime NA
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SE for β (change in exposure overtime) NA
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t-statistic (baseline exposure and outcome overtime) NA
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Quantiles Tertiles
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Q1 intake 0
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Highest Q intake >28.2
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Q1 change in outcome 0.4
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Q1 SD change in outcome 8.63
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Highest Q mean change in outcome 1.4
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Highest Q SD change in outcome 8.63
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RR (highest vs. lowest) NA
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LL (highest vs. lowest) NA
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UL (highest vs. lowest) NA
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Dose-response RR NA
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Dose-response LL NA
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Dose-response UL NA
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Statistical adjustments age, BMI, smoking, PA, and total energy intake for continuous, age and total energy intake for tertiles
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MV-adjusted (Y/N)
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Energy-adjusted (Y/N) Y
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Baseline BMI/ weight-adjusted Y
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Notes results from MV-adjusted linear regression with baseline saccharin intake as independent var and change in BW as dependent var; results with MV-adjusted weight change by tertiles of baseline saccharin intake
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Baseline Characteristics
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Results & Comparisons

No Results found.
Adverse Events
Arm or Total Title Description Comments

Quality Dimensions
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