Study Title and Description
Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women.
Key Questions Addressed
|2||What is the relationship between low-calorie sweeteners and body weight and composition in prospective observational cohort studies?|
Primary Publication Information
|Title||Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women.|
|Author||Schulze MB., Manson JE., Ludwig DS., Colditz GA., Stampfer MJ., Willett WC., Hu FB.|
|Country||Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA. email@example.com|
Pubmed ID: 15328324
Secondary Publication Information
There are currently no secondary publications defined for this study.
Extraction Form: Extraction form for prospective observational studies
No arms have been defined in this extraction form.
|Question... Follow Up||Answer||Follow-up Answer|
|Author, year||Schulze, 2004|
|Cohort name||NHS II|
|Baseline age, y||24-44|
|Follow-up, y (between diet and outcome)||4|
|Children/ adolescents (C) or adults (A)||A|
|Other population characteristics||Registered nurses, generally healthy (no T2D, cancer, CVD at baseline)|
|Author-defined exposure||Change in diet soft drink consumption (low-calorie soda and other low-calorie beverages) from <= 1 drink/wk to >=1 drink/d or >=drink/d to <=1 drink/wk|
|Assigned exposure||LCS beverage intake|
|Beverage (B), Food (F), or Supplement (S)||B|
|Exposure assessment method||FFQ|
|Diet assessment method||3 questions on validated FFQ|
|Year diet assessed||1991-99|
|Analytic cohort no.||51603|
|Sex (M, F)||51603 F|
|Author-defined outcome 1||Weight gain|
|Author-defined outcome 2|
|Assigned outcome 1||BW change|
|Assigned outcome 2|
|β1 for Δ in outcome per unit increase in baseline exposure||NA|
|β2 for Δ in outcome per unit increase in baseline exposure|
|SE1 for β (baseline exposure)||NA|
|SE2 for β (baseline exposure)|
|t-statistic (baseline exposure and outcome)||NA|
|β for Δ in outcome per unit change in exposure overtime||NA|
|SE for β (change in exposure overtime)||NA|
|t-statistic (baseline exposure and outcome overtime)||NA|
|Highest Q intake||>1|
|Q1 change in outcome||4.25|
|Q1 SD change in outcome||14.53|
|Highest Q mean change in outcome||1.59|
|Highest Q SD change in outcome||17.17|
|RR (highest vs. lowest)||NA|
|LL (highest vs. lowest)||NA|
|UL (highest vs. lowest)||NA|
|Statistical adjustments||age, alcohol intake, postmenopausal hormone use, oral contraceptive use, cereal fiber intake, total fat intake, BMI, PA, smoking,|
|Baseline BMI/ weight-adjusted||Y|
|Notes||Cohort followed for 8y but 4y changes in weight were examined; the results represent the weight change associated with moving from >1 to 1 serving/d (+1.59 kg)|
No baseline characteristics have been defined for this extraction form.
Results & Comparisons
No Results found.
|Arm or Total||Title||Description||Comments|
No quality dimensions were specified.
No quality rating data was found.