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Project: Environmental sanitary interventions for preventing active trachoma (2012)

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Project Summary

Title and Description

Title Environmental sanitary interventions for preventing active trachoma (2012)
Description OBJECTIVES: To assess the evidence for the effectiveness of environmental sanitary measures on the prevalence of active trachoma in endemic areas.
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Contributor(s) Rabiu M, Alhassan MB, Ejere HOD, Evans JR. Environmental sanitary interventions for preventing active trachoma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD004003. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004003.pub4.
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Methodology SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group Trials Register) (The Cochrane Library 2011, Issue 9), MEDLINE (January 1950 to September 2011), EMBASE (January 1980 to September 2011), Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS) (January 1982 to September 2011), the metaRegister of Controlled Trials (mRCT) (www.controlled-trials.com) and ClinicalTrials.gov (www.clinicaltrials.gov). There were no date or language restrictions in the electronic searches for trials. The electronic databases were last searched on 23 September 2011. We checked the reference list of included trials and the Science Citation Index. We also contacted agencies, experts and researchers in trachoma control. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing any form of environmental hygiene measures with no measure. These hygiene measures included fly control, provision of water and health education. Participants in the trials were people normally resident in the trachoma endemic areas. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two authors independently extracted data and assessed the quality of the included trials. Study authors were contacted for additional information. Six trials met the inclusion criteria but we did not conduct meta-analysis due to heterogeneity of the studies.
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DOI
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Funding Source Grant 1 U01 EY020522-01, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, USA
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Notes Full report available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22336798; PMID: 2233679; PMCID: PMC4422499 Data retrospectively entered into SRDR for public accessibility.
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Key Questions

1 What is the effect of environmental sanitary interventions for preventing active trachoma?
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Associated Extraction Forms

Title Created by Key Questions Addressed Form Notes
Environmental sanitary interventions for preventing active trachoma 2012 Long Long 1


Associated Studies (each link opens a new tab)

Title Author Year
How much is not enough Abdou A, Munoz BE, Nassirou B, Kadri B, Moussa F, Baarè I, et al 2010
Effect of fly control on trachoma and diarrhoea Emerson PM, Lindsay SW, Walraven GE, Faal H, Bogh C, Lowe K, et al 1999
Role of flies and provision of latrines in trachoma control: cluster-randomised controlled trial Emerson PM, Lindsay SW, Alexander N, Bah M, Dibba SM, Faal HB 2004
Health education and antibiotic therapy in trachoma control * Resnikoff S, Peyramaure F, Bagayogo CO, Hugnet P 1995
Efficacy of latrine promotion on emergence of infection with ocular Chlamydia trachomatis after mass antibiotic treatment: a cluster-randomized trial Stoller NE, Gebre T, Ayele B, Zerihun M, Assefa Y, Habte D, et al 2011
Intensive insecticide spraying for fly control after mass antibiotic treatment for trachoma in a hyperendemic setting: a randomised trial West SK, Emerson PM, Mkocha H, McHiwa W, Munoz B, Bailey R, et al 2006




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The data contained in this project are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommerical license, which permits the use, dissemination, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and that the use is non-commercial and otherwise in compliance with the license. See: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/